It is found mainly in the Wainihinihi Creek and Arahura River. The strong spiritual connection Tangata Whenua (Indigenous New Zealand Maori ) have with Pounamu is revealed in the personification of the various stone types. Creating Pounamu Art. Maori term of Pounamu does in fact include other forms of green stones here such as Bowenite and Serpentine, but most commonly refers to Nephrite Jade. Clockwise from top left: kawakawa (nephrite); a darker variety of nephrite from Westland; īnanga (nephrite) from Westland; tangiwai (bowenite). Some types of Kawa Kawa, found in the districts from Waimea to Kumara, exhibit beautiful effects of brownish to orange colourations, and are often referred to as Waimea Stone. Pounamu refers to several types of hard, durable and highly valued nephrite jade, bowenite, or serpentinite stone found in southern New Zealand.Pounamu is the Māori name. Read the legend of Poutini and Waitaiki. Kakotea is a streaky dark-green pounamu with black spots. It is predominantly found on the west coast of the South Island. Pounamu has a special place in Maori culture and was used in all parts of … The 2020-2021 Papa Pounamu work programme has five priority areas of focus which Chief Executives have agreed to make mandatory within their agencies. It has distinct patterns that resemble the fish it is named after. Each type has their own unique look and features. Renowned for its beauty and strength, the rare stone is highly valued by both Māori and greater New Zealand. The most well-known type of neck pendant is called the tiki. Learn about how New Zealand Pounamu is formed and its chemical properties. Arahura river, they found a stone born of the stars, and held it close to heal the people and the land. Somewhere to buy that special taonga (sacred treasure) with confidence that the stone is sourced here in New Zealand. –Kawakawa. The names they gave the various types of Greenstone are … Greenstone Repair & Lashing Service Nephrite, Bowenite (a form of Serpentine) and Serpentine are minerals formed by metamorphism. NEW ZEALAND OWNED AND OPERATED - Free shipping to New Zealand & Australia - AFTERPAY & LAYBUY AVALIABLE ONLINE - 10% OFF XMAS PROMO. Pounamu is the Maori word for NZ Jade (Nephrite) but Tangiwai (Bowenite – a translucent Serpentine) and some other Serpentine’s are also included under Pounamu. We stock a stunning range of New Zealand Greenstone Jewellery and Pounamu Carvings. Symbolising the bond between two people, connecting the lives of friends, family or loved ones. There are two types of Jade found on earth, jadeite and nephrite. Some of the most popular designs are: Toki: The toki, a type of … Shipping. This is shaped like a figure sitting cross-legged, with its head on one side. Is actually a form of Bowenite not Nephrite Jade but is still embraced as a form of Pounamu. The name comes from toto (blood), weka (Native bush hen) or weka blood. Pounamu or greenstone are terms for several types of hard and durable stone found in southern New Zealand. Buying Pounamu. It is found only on the south island. Tangiwai is translucent green stone we have in New Zealand and is very similar to Jade though more fragile. It gets its name from the kawakawa leaf or Pepper tree. kawakawa is darker in colour with rich spots or lines—and named after the native pepper tree whose leaves’ markings it resembles. This is a type of pounamu that is highly translucent and flawless. The flesh of this pounamu is usually olive to light green in colour. It is not usually translucent and occasionally has black flecks through the stone. This is a rare and unique type of stone usually found in the inanga, tangiwai and dark kawakawa varieties. This variety of stone is not nephrite jade but is a bowenite stone, however it is recognized by Māori as part of the pounamu family. The Story of Pounamu The Sacred Stone of Aotearoa Long ago, when there were different stars in the heavens, the ancestors sailed the oceans seeking the stone of the Gods. The word ‘Pounamu’ is the term used by Māori for nephrite jade. Formation of Pounamu. It is a softer stone and when worn it absorbs the natural oils of the body deeply and can turn a lovely light brown. Kawakawa is the most common pounamu variety and is a very popular stone for carving because of its abundance and ability to hold most shapes. Pounamu 3 Meta modelling • What’s a meta model? Maori term of Pounamu does in fact include other forms of green stones here such as Bowenite and … –Inanga. Whiles it’s not a high-grade stone and is softer compared to other varieties of pounamu it is much sought after due to its uniqueness. –Totoweka. Each unique shape has a spiritual meaning. The eight-shaped single twist symbolizes the strength of the bond between two people, their loyalty and friendship. Another variety named after one of native fish. Pounamu or Greenstone are used interchangeably here in New Zealand when referring to Nephrite Jade. –Kahurangi. It was used to make Toki Poutangata (Ceremonial adze) which were usually given to Rangatira (Chief). Clockwise from top left: kawakawa (nephrite); a darker variety of nephrite from Westland; īnanga (nephrite) from Westland; tangiwai (bowenite). Pounamu is found in the West Coast and upper regions of the South Island of New Zealand and we are lucky to have such a wide variety of colour in such a small area of land. The early lapidarist would cut the thick crust off and only use the heart to fashion jewelry but carvers these days tend to carve it right to edge as the colour contrast can make a unique showpiece. It gets its name from the juvenile native minnow or more commonly known as whitebait. The addition of other combinations, with a mixture of minerals, accounts for why these formations are often referred to as a mineral belt. Home / Types of Pounamu. The Maori classify Greenstone according to its shade of green. Comes in many colour variations from light to dark browns, creamy whites, light blues, olive greens to yellow even golden. The largest deposits are in Milford Sound, Anita and Poison Bays being the most famous. The creation of pounamu. Pikorua (single twist) The Maori single twist symbol consists of a closed loop with three knots. Pounamu is a strong stone known for its beauty. Pikorua, as the Maori name this symbol, refers to eternal emerging paths in life. Named after a … They called it Pounamu. It is considered a taonga (treasure). Is named after one of juvenile native fish we call Whitebait. This type of stone is a highly prized type of pounamu by Poutini Ngāi Tahu. It is found in the beautiful Fiord lands of the South Island and has amazing translucency almost glassy like appearance. Māori and local artisans have been drawn to its power over the centuries and it is widely used in making jewellery and sculptures nowadays. This type of stone is a highly prized... Kahurangi.. Pounamu/greenstone has a diverse range of colours. A rich green to intense dark green almost black with small dark inclusions. The qualities of this stone are that it is translucent and sometimes almost completely transparent like glass. There are many different types of pounamu found throughout New Zealand. Different types of Pounamu from New Zealand. It comes in a variety a pale almost milky colours of green, blue to even quite yellow brown tones. This is a type of pounamu that is highly translucent and flawless. This is the rock name to remember when you find a hard, nondescript rock that looks like it … Listed are some of the most common examples and names we use to describe these: Is our most common variety and comes in shades of rich lush greens to deep dark green hues. We have a retail store based in Ferrymead, Christchurch New Zealand. Briefly describe your newsletter and write a quick sentence about your commitment to not spamming your subscribers. Argillite. Greenstone / Pounamu / Jade are often the same thing from different angles. There are many different types of Pounamu found in New Zealand, each with their own colour characteristics. Kahurangi is named after the clearness of the sky. Much of our pieces are carved on site. In the beginning of NZ’s jade industry this stone was usually discarded because it was not gem grade, but in modern times varieties like inanga and kōkopu have grown in popularity because of their different characteristics. The word greenstone is also commonly used in NZ, however the people of Poutini Ngāi Tahu prefer to call it pounamu as jade comes in many different colour variations not just green. It comes in a variety of colours from pearl white, grey to an almost blue shade of green. View demo The care behind each carving Renowned for its beauty and strength, the rare pounamu stone is highly valued by both Māori and greater New Zealand. There are many different types of pounamu found throughout New Zealand. In modern day lapidary use it is popular for its gem like qualities. Large deposits of totoweka occur in the South Westland area. It is the most popular and valuable sought after pounamu by modern day carvers. Below is a description of the most common pounamu types found in New Zealand. Send us an email and we'll get back to you as soon as possible. –Raukaraka. –Kōkopu. Maori recognised four main types of Pounamu Kawakawa pounamu. Pounamu is a Māori term that refers to 3 different stone types, Nephrite, Bowenite and Serpentine, found on Te Wai Pounamu. It was called pounamu by the Maori people. Twist (Pikorua). Symbol of a … COMPSCI 732 §5. Translated tangi means to (cry or tears) and (wai) is water the full name kōkō-tangiwai refers to a deep sorrow that is never completely healed. The colours in this stone can range from light transparent inanga, mid to rich kahurangi greens to intense dark kawakawa. Different types of Pounamu from New Zealand. No two pieces are the same, no stone not treated with the utmost respect by those who source and carve it. Authentic New Zealand Pounamu tells stories of pride and understanding, strength, empathy and leadership. Named after the shining cuckoo, the green and white shimmering plumage are similar to the thin bands of light that cause a chatoyant effect like a cat’s eye as the stone is moved about. This variety is one of the most beautiful with its deep green and blooms of yellow to orangey browns. Pounamu jewellery is typically carved into traditional Māori symbols. Just like in the old days, jade was valued for its hardness, toughness and ability to hold a sharp edge. From the pearly-white colours to the darkest green that can sometimes almost appear as black, the beauty of pounamu is wide and diverse. It shares its name with the New Zealand native Kawakawa plant, which is known for its medicinal and culinary properties. Tangiwai can come in shades of bluish green to quite olive tones. A rarer form of Kawakawa named after the Karaka tree with its yellow orange fruit. Kawakawa is dark-green pounamu with varying shades, and is named after the pepper tree. It can often have small black flecks thru the stone. Pounamu has a special place in Maori culture and was used in all parts of … It is predominantly found on the west coast of the South Island. These rocks are also generically known as "greenstone" in New Zealand English.There are two systems for classifying pounamu. Kōkopu is most recognizable by its distinctive brown spots which are very similar to the native fresh water mountain trout from which it gets its name. Kia Ora, welcome to the “Greenstone Shop”. Is another common variety named after the area to which it is found. Aug 4, 2018 - There is quite a variety of pounamu types. Mostly found in the Marsden area of the West Coast. Types of Pounamu There are many different types of pounamu, or greenstone around, each one having its own distinct characteristics. Koru (Spiral). Prized for its clarity and depth of crisp apple green colour. –Pīpīwharauroa. 6) Kokopu is known as 'Mountain Trout stone because it resembles the skin of a fish. They often represent aspects of the natural world, or show a connection with ancestors. –Tangiwai. Pounamu. Raukaraka. This stone is usually similar to the mid green kawakawa variety but differs in that the spotting or streaks are red like blood. It is named after the leaf of the karaka tree because of the orange colour that the thick oxidized crust takes on from the earth’s minerals. Pounamu or Greenstone are used interchangeably here in New Zealand when referring to Nephrite Jade. The first European explorers who came to New Zealand saw the Maori wearing Jade ornaments and called it Greenstone not realising that it was a type of Jade. Click below to learn more. Pounamu is found in the West Coast and upper regions of the South Island of New Zealand and we are lucky to have such a wide variety of colour in such a small area of land. The following chart shows samples of the different types of pounamu. New Zealand Kahurangi Jade There is a lot of confusion around different names to describe jade, basically greenstone, jade and pounamu are all the same thing. No two –Flower Jade. 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