Mature height generally ranges from 6 to 12 feet. The flowers mature to berry-like drupes that begin white but slowly transform to a lovely blue for the fall. obliqua (Raf.) The stem of Silky Dogwood has these markings on it, which are absent from Red Osier Dogwood ( Cornus stolonifera ) bark. The Division of Forestry promotes and applies management for the sustainable use and protection of Ohio’s private and public forest lands. It has also been found to support several specialist bee species in the Andrena genus. Each species is given a detailed account of identification characters, life history information, and where it was found across the state. Berries are technically edible, but don't taste very good. Silky dogwood (Cornus amomum) is named for the silky gray hairs that cover the undersid… Its fruits are eaten by songbirds, ruffed grouse, quail, turkey, chipmunks, black bear, foxes, white-tailed deer, skunks, and squirrels. Dogwood berries can be bright red, white, dark blue, or even a combination of dark blue and white, as with the silky dogwood. One caution: deer also love to browse silky dogwood, so it is best not to plant this in areas with high deer densities. It can withstand full shade to full sun but needs moist or wet soils to thrive. The first photograph shows Silky Dogwood (Cornus amomum) fruits. This stem shows the silky hairs which give this shrub its common name. More than 45 types of songbirds and game birds have been documented consuming the fatty berries in the fall. Dogwood is one of the favorite browse cuttings for deer. by Pixies Gardens 3.2 out of 5 stars 29 ratings The dogwood leaves are smooth. The more northerly-occurring Cornus obliqua was formerly included in this species as Cornus amomum subsp. Read More Other Uses Said to be very good to eat. Cornus amomum has also been used in the outdoors to help with erosion control along slopes and steep inclines, it can be planted by farmers and landowners to provide a windbreaks for homes and agriculture fields, its uses can include building natural borders between land and for wildlife conservation, and it can be used to provide habitat for many types of wildlife. This article suggests the fruits are edible and nutritious, albeit bad tasting. The flowers are produced in cymes. Since winter is a great time for bird watching, much of this HabiChat is dedicated to projects and plants that will help local bird species. Silky dogwood often has about half its canopy of flowers, so still not like the flowering dogwood. General Plant Information ()Plant Habit: Shrub Life cycle: Perennial Sun Requirements: Full Sun Full Sun to Partial Shade [10] When planted, the use of organic materials to maintain a wet environment will help the shrub when insufficient water is present. Cornus amomum, the silky dogwood, is a species of dogwood native to the eastern United States, from Michigan and Vermont south to Alabama and Florida. Cornus amomum is grows near or around creeks or water systems. In addition, the University of Maryland Extension’s Woodland Stewardship Education has several upcoming events that may be of interest to backyard enthusiasts. More than 45 types of songbirds and game birds have been documented consuming the fatty berries in the fall. [13], The dogwood family is desired for ornamental uses in landscapes across the United States. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. Other uses of the herb: The powdered bark is used as a toothpowder. While the shrubs create a useful barrier, grazing wildlife and livestock tend to damage much of the shrub when the fruit are ripe. The berries’ high fat content makes them a favored food among migrating songbirds. The growth habit is upright rounded, but where stems are in contact with the ground, roots are formed. Silky dogwood is a host plant for the spring azure butterfly. [11] While Cornus amomum is recognized as Least Concern across the eastern parts of North America, Indiana has Cornus amomum ranked as an endangered plant throughout the state. [8], Cornus amomum is a native eastern North American shrub, finding suitable habitat in wetland areas like swamps, marshes and bogs. A great choice for moist or wet areas. [11], Based on the IUCN Red List classification, The conservation status of Cornus amomum is a Least Concern plant. Winter is also a time for maintenance projects, so don’t forget to clean out and repair nest boxes and prune your shrubs and trees. Other animals such as White-tailed deer, Elk, and other land dwelling mammals feast on the fruit as well. The common name dogwood is also thought to be from [4] The distribution of the shrub also extends west past the Mississippi river to the eastern borders of Kansas, Nebraska, and parts of northern Oklahoma. obliqua (Raf.) [6] If Cornus amomum is left unattended it will grow to create thickets and thick vegetative areas. The pollinated flowers turn into dark blue fruits by early September. Small. Cornus amomum The Silky Dogwood Shrub grows well in USDA Hardiness Zones 5-8. Some are native to the U.S. and some are not, such as the very popular Kousa Dogwood which is native to Asia. [14] Finally, Cornus amomum can minimize stream bank erosion and add stabilization along bank when coupled together with other well rooted trees and shrubs like willows. I haven't tasted them yet. Many berries are commonly available in grocery stores, but other, equally delicious ones are abundant in the wild. Propagation of Silky Dogwood: Seed - best sown It is hardy to zone (UK) 2 and is not frost tender. Kousa Dogwood Fruit Jelly I'm not a cook. Even if you live in zones 5 and 6, the greater height of this plant makes it the perfect choice for a larger background plant, or to fill larger areas of your garden. Data was collected by local biologists and nearly 1,000 community scientists. The plant reaches 10-12 feet in height and 6-10 feet in width. From hardy shrubs that only grow to about 6 inches to towering trees that grow as high as 40 feet; dogwoods are without … Silk Dogwood is also known as Silky Cornel and Swamp Dogwood. Some references have separated the dogwoods out of the Cornus genus into Swida , making Silky Dogwood Swida amomum , but this name is not universally accepted and not currently recognized in Minnesota. In The most conspicuous distinguishing features between these Dogwoods and the Elderberry, however, are in the leaves and the fruits. This self-paced, non-credit course runs 10 weeks from March 5-May 21, 2019, helping landowners convert lawn to natural areas and to enhance stewardship of existing natural areas. OK, that being said, I made jelly this weekend. Looks like silky dogwood, Cornus amomum. Instead, choose a newer and exciting red twig dogwood of a different species, more adapted to hotter regions – the Cayenne Silky Dogwood. Out of State: 410-260-8DNR (8367), For more information on human trafficking in Maryland click, Habitat Tips: Native Birds Need Native Plants, Loving Birds to Death & the Importance of Cleaning Feeders. Cornus amomum uses the animals as a method of seed dispersal. Silky dogwood has simple, opposite leaves that turn a brownish-red color in the fall. Swamp dogwood (silky dogwood; pale dogwood) (C. amomum) grows in wet locations, including banks of streams and rivers, margins of ponds and lakes, fens, bottomland forests, low moist places in prairies, and pastures Sure, I can cook edible, sometime even delicious food. [4] Cornus amomum leaves are rusty brown and pubescent,[5] occurring opposite from one another and usually having between 4 and 5 veins per leaf side. Read on for additional silky dogwood information. Cornus amomum, commonly called silky dogwood, is a medium-sized deciduous shrub that is typically found in moist lowland areas, swamp borders, floodplains, shrub wetlands, and along streams and ponds in Eastern North America (New Foundland to Ontario south to Missouri, Mississippi and Florida). Cornus amomum has been found at elevations from 0 feet to 1500 feet of elevation. The second shows Red-Osier Dogwood (Cornus sericea). Small . The shrub provides beautiful colors throughout the spring, summer and fall. A Dogwood tree is a spring flowering tree that bears pink or white flowers. The fruit is eaten by game birds, and is especially important as a source of food for migrating songbirds. Dogwood is a member of the Cornus family and grows in all types of climates and soil conditions. As Cornus amomum fruit decay fruitivores tend to pick only the ripe fruit and seeds, which destroy good seeds that would otherwise be dropped and grow. Plant database entry for Silky Dogwood (Cornus amomum) with 26 images, 3 comments, and 35 data details. [6] Each species of dogwood has their own unique look, Cornus amomum is a shrub which can be used in places of excess runoff or areas of water collection in a landscape as it thrives in moist to wet soil conditions. It is the host plant for the spring/summer Azure butterflies. Silky dogwood (Cornus amomum) is a medium-sized, native in the dogwood family (Cornaceae), and its blue berries are savored by many songbirds. 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