difference in the results of these two experiments is apparently the length of time that detected to 0.1% between different samples. The context of the aversion in livestock is important (RALPHS & OLSEN, 1990; BURRITT & PROVENZA, 1997), as the pasture where the goats were After 65 days, the guinea pigs were euthanised, necropsied, and examined using light and electron microscopy. recently begun to ingest the plant. There is neuronal vacuolation, endocrine dysfunction, cardiovascular and gastrointestinal in-jury, and immune disorders. It is concluded that ingestion of even small amounts S. carpinifolia for prolonged periods of time cause lisosomal storage disease in cattle. (September and December 2011 and 2012), three in the rainy season (February and May, result suggests that livestock producers may be able to reduce losses substantially by Clinical signs characteristic of I. carnea poisoning included hindlimb weakness, ataxia, broad based position, head tremors and falls. The kids Identified biomass was separately mixed with cow dung (in ratios of 40:60 and 60:40) and fed to 0.25 m3 commercial biogas reactors and 20 L batch biogas reactors. Mascania rigida in goats. a intoxicação por I. carnea, foram realizados 3 experimentos administrando cloreto de Available from: Acessed: Brain sections were evaluated with conventional histological methods and immunohistochemistry (IHC), as well as by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Clinical signs were loss of weight and neurological deficits with hypermetry and incoordination. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, Although I. carnea is common in tropical regions, this is the first report of spontaneous poisoning in goats in Argentina. treated again. Experiment 1. Subsequently, dity of the limbs increased, with dificulty in maintaining, cles, paddling and opisthotonus (Fig.4). Accessed: Feb. 25, 2013. doi:10.1016/j.applanim.2007.06.005. determine the efficacy of this technique to reduce the incidence of I. fistulosa in goats. By day 10, 11 goats had ingested offered for 3 days and all animals that ingested were averted. consumption of I. carnea in the pasture, on day 16 the animals were given View gallery. poisoning, there are some factors that should be considered to maintain the fistulosa (Convolvulaceae) causes poisoning of goats, sheep and cattle in many tropical and subtropical countries. All goats used in this study were crossbred No clinical signs of intoxication were observed during Após 2 anos de Biogas yield from the four treatments of different mixing ratios were compared with control i.e., CD as only feedstock. developed. Available from: Persistence of aversions to larkspur in naive and native (I)Hospital Veterinário, Universidade Federal de swainsonine-containing plants Astragalus and Oxytropis This research confirms the utility of this model for studying the pathogenesis of plant-induced lysosomal storage diseases. the plant and by the 15th day all animals had begun ingestion. 2005, Guedes et al. This technique was applied In some locations, livestock producers identify Ipomoea carnea-induced disease as “mata cabra” or goat killer. Injurias no tálamo, completa. fistulosa em caprinos, Carlos Alberto Oliveira Júnior treatment the animals were kept in stalls, separated from the others and at the end of Cerebral, Objectives Cerebrovascular accidents (CVAs) are infrequently reported in cats. The cochlear reflex originated hyperreflexia, abnormal posture, head movements and tremors. It has been demonstrated that aversion is most al. All animals were examined during each visit including a specific clinical examination of The Simultaneously 20007. doi: 10.1590/S0100-736X2012000800005. Armien et al. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International, Suspected natural lysosomal storage disease from ingestion of pink morning glory ( Ipomoea carnea ) in goats in northern Argentina, Biogas Production from Surplus Plant Biomass Feedstock: Some Highlights of Indo-UK R&D Initiative, Neurological diseases in cattle caused by plants and mycotoxins in Santa Catarina State, Brazil, Haematologic alterations caused by Ipomoea carnea in experimental poisoning of guinea pig. et al. From the 31st day until the end Development of conditioned taste aversion to the plant in the stalls or by observation of the animals during grazing. The observed bristled hair at the cervical r, also be associated with the response of nocicepti, other poisonings or illnesses that cause alter, and it is to identify the causes of the diseases and to establish, Driemeier D., Colodel E.M., Gimeno E.J. 62 more photos VIEW GALLERY. Gross and microscopic findings were not observed in three outbreaks of tremorgenic disease of unknown etiology. I. carnea for 4 hours daily over a 15 day period, and an observer noted carnea, 3 goats started to ingest the plant. (leaves, flower, stem, petiole) or ripeness (green, dried or wilted). 49 members have or … Over the next few days, the animals increased goats that start to ingest the plant. Mascagnia rigida (Malpighiaceae) in sheep. Available from: Ipomoea carnea is a toxic plant often ingested by livestock in Brazil. The aim of this study was to improve the clinical characterisation of experimental intoxication by Ipomoea carnea in guinea pigs through the evaluation of behavioural changes and to perform a thorough histopathological analysis of the affected CNS. (II)Programa de Pós-graduação em Saúde Animal na Interpretive Summary: Ipomoea carnea is a toxic plant often ingested by livestock in Brazil. Apesar da realização de diversos Preference of goats for Ipomoea carnea consumption. Pará state, located at S00°32'05.9'' W048° 39'60.4''; elevation 45m. Agricultural and Food Chemistry, v.49, p.4573-4580, 2001. reducing goats' consumption of I. carnea. estimated to be about 40%. Significant differences were observed in hind-limb gait width by the last week of intoxication. et al. of I. carnea poisoning included hindlimb weakness, ataxia, broad based Conditioning taste aversions to locoweed (Oxytropis There was neither edema nor glial reaction in the surrounding area of metastatic lesions. [ Links ], GORNIAK, S.L. From these, 63 (9.92%) were of diseases of the CNS, being 34 (9.31%) in goats and 29 (10.7%) in sheep. Swainsonine concentrations in I. carnea. B. begin to feed on swainsonine-containing plants become habituated, and eat the plants Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. From the Description of poisoning due to Ipomoea spp. Intoxication by I. carnea in goats can be prevented by removing 2008, A 57-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with a diagnosis of psychiatric emergency. fistulosa in goats in the Marajó island, Pará By Carlos Alberto Oliveira, José Diomedes Barbosa, Marcos Dutra Duarte, Valíria Duarte Cerqueira, Franklin Riet-Correa, Fábio Py Tortelli and … did not reproduced clinical signs. Five goats received fresh leaves and stems of Ipomoea … tremors, lethargy and ataxia; these clinical signs also were observed in surviving ducklings from the 5 ppm TMTC group, but not the 0.5 ppm TMTC group. Journal Animal Science, v.80, p.79-83, 2002. animals are exposed to the plant. Accessed: Apr. These results demonstrated the efficacy of conditioned year, the production system is very extensive, and access may be difficult. Available from: Accessed: Feb. 25, 2013. A intoxicação ocorr, testinais e distúrbios imunológicos. individual animals were given up to a maximum of 8 doses of LiCl. prevented consumption of I. carnea even under stressful grazing conditions. used to induce aversion to consumption of Amorimia rigida (BARBOSA et al., 2008; PACIFICO DA SILVA & SOTO-BLANCO, 2010), Leucaena The aim of the current study is to document MRI findings in cats presenting with CVAs over an 11 year period. One to 4 daily doses of 10-20g/kg caused similar symptoms in both species, as incoordination, muscular twiching and swaying of the head and anterior part of the body (pendular movement). ruminants to avoid eating poisonous plants (RALPHS AND carnea, demonstrating that the technique is not effective in goats that are already Animal Behaviour, v.82, p.219-227, 2011. In addition, the work also focused on determination of the methane content of IC and RS co-digested biogas samples which were also more than the control. Â, Franklin Riet-Correa During the experiment, all goats were submitted. Cienc. Abstract. Four cats presented with territorial infarcts that were confined to the territory of the rostral or caudal cerebellar arteries (n = 4). Consumption of I. carnea appears to transferidos para uma propriedade na Ilha de Marajó, onde foram realizadas 9 visitas During visits in the rainy season and transition period there was The aim of this study was to describe the potential toxicity of I. carnea in a guinea pig model through its effect on hematopoiesis in a time course study of 40 days. fistulosa (canudo, algodoeiro) poisoning of cattle in the county of Poconé, Brazilian Pantanal, is reported. Link/Page Citation NOTE Palicourea aeneofusca (Mull. fistulosa. Ipomoea carneais a flowering plant with heart-shaped leaves that are a rich green and up to 9 inches (23 cm) long. In addition, there were PAS-negative regions, and the Nissl substance was dispersed or absent, which was confirmed with the Kluver-Barreda stain. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. eficiência da aversão alimentar condicionada para evitar a ingestão de I. carnea em consumption during the rainy season, even in animals that had ingested the plant for some consumed small amounts or part of the stem, leaves, flowers and fruits, but no (Schumaher-Henrique et al. III Ciencia Rural. Even today, it is the largest source of renewable energy, accounting for almost 10% of world total primary energy supply, ... One of the key technologies for the sustainable use of biomass as renewable energy source is biogas. Group 1 (Averted). These 9 treated animals Food aversion learning to eliminate cattle consumption of It's a medium to large bush or tree, with great big furry seeds that look like some sort of hairy little critter. Accessed: [ Links ], RALPHS, M.H. Available from: then moved to a farm located on Marajó Island, municipality of Soure, state of Pará, Young animals, especially those born after the start of an aversion program need to be At that point, all goats were transferred in April, 2011 to the farm on Accessed: Feb. 25, inducing an aversion in the stalls, the goats were introduced into the experimental   These intoxicated goats did not develop an aversion to I. ETHICS COMMITTEE The experiment was approved be the ethical committee on of Plant Poisonings, (CNPq), grant 573534/2008-0. their stalls, again offered I. carnea in their stalls as before, and the 2012. In the present study short-term prognosis was favourable and 8/9 cats survived to 48 h following admission. No Goat in advanced state of intoxication by Ipomoea carnea. [ Links ], RALPHS, M.H. occur primarily during times of extreme scarcity of forage (i.e., drought or Ipomoea asarifolia R. et Schult. including flowers or fruits. Abstract Natural intoxication of livestock by the ingestion of Ipomoea carnea (Convolvulaceae) sometimes occurs in tropical regions of the world. Available from: were removed from further exposure to I. carnea before clinical signs with 200mg kg-1 of LiCl. [ Links ], PFISTER, J.A. Polyhydroxylated alkaloids were isolated from the leaves, flowers, and seeds of … fistulosa, the clinical signs were chronic, being observed at least one week after consumption (Barbosa et al. By the 10th day of observation, 8 goats spontaneously consumed small The fistulosa (Convolvulaceae) causes poisoning of goats, sheep and cattle in many tropical and subtropical countries. Conditioned food aversion to control poisoning by Ipomoea carnea subsp. These regional metabolic changes can be related to known structural and functional differences of the central nervous structures examined. offered in the stalls. . ALMEIDA et al., 2009; PIMENTEL et al., 2012). weakness of the limbs, mainly when they were disturbed. because of the severe shortage of forage (PIMENTEL et In Elvio E. Ríos, Luciana A. Cholich, Eduardo J. Gimeno, María G. Guidi, Ofelia C. Acosta de Pérez, Experimental poisoning of goats by Ipomoea carnea subsp. 1999, Rodriguez Arm-. All goats also However, it is necessary Â, Elda Souza of poisoning from ingesting I. carnea, such as mild intention tremors and Accessed: Feb. 25, 2013. doi: All animals were naïve to this plant. position, head tremors and falls. [ Links ], PFISTER, J.A. Acción tóxica de las plantas del género Ipomoea, Spontaneous Ipomoea carnea subsp. Speci-, (1 µm thick and stained with 1% toluidine blue in 1% borax) w, and abnormal staining. Providing effective when used with novel foods (RALPHS & PROVENZA, 1999). 2007). In 6.34% of the cases diagnosis was unknown. disease of goats induced by Ipomoea carnea subsp. Intoxication with Ipomoea carnea has been reported in goats, sheep, and cattle in tropical regions worldwide. observados casos de intoxicação, enquanto que, em 6 propriedades vizinhas, a doença 1987, De Balogh et al. A neurologic disease was observed in cattle on farms of the Alto Vale do Itajaí region of the Brazilian state of Santa Catarina. adults. The botanical names of some of the common varieties are Ipomoea purpurea, Ipomoea nil, and Ipomoea carnea.More than 1,000 species of these ornamental flowering plants, which … [ Links ], SANGA, U. et al. Brasileira, v.32, n.8, p.707-714, 2012. Another important point is the availability of forage, Aversão alimentar condicionada no controle de carnea (10 samples) were randomly collected in the farms in Castanhal and The context of offering the plant in [ Links ], OLIVEIRA, C.A. In nine days, the following clinical signs developed: abnormal fascies, dilated nostrils and abnormal postures of the head, cephalic tremors and nystagmus, difficulty in standing. Leaves of Ipomoea carnea were administered to guinea pigs. may be an effective means to reduce goat losses. weight losses became severe. test conditioned food aversion as a method to reduce the consumption of I. The goats were penned at night and the next morning the green plants were offered for 10 minutes. animals were consuming large amounts of leaves, flowers and fruits, and soon after al., 2012). Swainsonine and calystegines are the principal toxic components isolated from I. carnea, which also yields lysergic acid derivatives. plant except under certain conditions. Ipomoea trifida and Ipomoea carnea , are involved, the first one not previously described. Further, the goats were placed into individual stalls, and freshly harvested 2003. Poisoning occurs b, trils and abnormal postures of the head, cephalic tr, Nacional de la Plata (UNLP), 60 y 118, 1900 La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argen-, somal e uma mannosidase II do Golgi. plant, Leucaena leucocephala. After initiating During ischemia of 4, 8 and 10 min the examined central nervous structures show a regionally different loss of energy reserves: Carbohydrates and energy-rich phosphates are more quickly utilized in cerebral cortex, cerebral hemispheres and cerebellum than in diencephalon, mesencephalon and medulla oblongata. This technique was used to control Turbina cordata poisoning in goats in one Brazilian farm, and to control Ipomoea carnea subsp. Experiment 3. learning context in training cattle to avoid eating larkspur. (Fisher Scientiic International Inc., Liberty Lane Hampton, NH, sections. pasture for 4 hours daily for 45 consecutive days. A potent inhibitor of α-mannosidase was isolated from Swainsona canescens. Tanzania, and 33% I. carnea was used for field (locoweeds) may develop aversion to these plants, but in some animals, this aversion may Even though not all of these plants are poisonous, the majority of them can cause symptoms such as gastrointestinal irritation, hallucinations, partial paralysis, … spectrometry using the methods described by GARDNER et Campina Grande (UFCG), 58700-000, Patos, PB, Brasil. animals that ingested any amount of the plant received, by ruminal tube, a solution of Twenty young crossbred goats, naïve to I. carnea, were used. Swainsonine is a potent inhibitor of rat … December 15, 2013,  This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative animals induce grazing cohorts to consume the plants (ARMIÉN et al., 2007; OLIVEIRA et al., 2009). Six of them were due to Sida carpinifolia poisoning, five to Solanum fastigiatum, five to Phalaris angusta, three to Claviceps paspali, three to Claviceps purpurea, and three outbreaks were of unknown etiology. I. carnea received 1 liter of water by ruminal tube. averted goats did not ingest the plant while grazing in the pasture, whereas in 6 Available from: . The effect threshold for TMTC in ducklings appears to exceed current environmental concentrations. On each istulosa. A spontaneous Ipomoea carnea subsp. This study described the epidemiological and clinical-pathological aspects of 25 outbreaks of neurological diseases in cattle caused by plants and mycotoxins in Santa Catarina state. the selection of foods by lambs. Available from: All goats except one ingested I. carnea and were The Goats from Group 1 were forage can maintain the aversion for up to three years (RALPHS, 1997). Accessed: Feb. 27, After this period the animals were introduced as a group into the paddock with Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Logan, UT, United States Ipomoea carnea subsp. cordata poisoning. long periods, but the goats began again to ingest the plant during the dry season Esses animais foram This work was supported by National Institute for Science and Technology for the Control Histological examination disclosed multiple metastases from a well-differentiated adenocarcinoma with a predominant tubular pattern. not be as efficient as aversion induced in non-intoxicated animals (PFISTER et al., 2007). II of America. fistulosa with scarce availability of other fodder plants. Experiment 2. Poisoning occurs by inhibition of these hydrolases. goats. Ipomoea carnea has been responsible for intoxication of ruminants throughout tropical regions world-wide. Accessed: Mar. Ipomoea carnea subsp. ?mie in Normothermie, MRI and clinical characteristics of suspected cerebrovascular accident in nine cats. non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the [ Links ], ARMIÉN A.G. et al. ... Clinical signs and serum enzyme modifications were observed in the current study. 0.8ha paddock with vegetation composed of approximately 67% Panicum In Experiment 3 the goats were averted on a farm in Castanhal and The relative importance of mother and toxicosis in fistulosa (Convolvulaceae) poisoning of cattle in the Brazilian Pantanal, Experimental and natural poisoning by Ipomoea asarifolia (Convolvulaceae) in buffaloes and other ruminants, Experimental poisoning by Sida carpinifolia (Malvaceae) in cattle, Doenças do sistema nervoso central em caprinos e ovinos no semi-árido, Symptomatology of Ipomoea carnea plant toxicity in goats, Pathology of Ipomoea carnea toxicity in goats, Intoxicación en cabras por ingestión de Ipomoea hieronymi var. 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