Your Website helped. As legend has it, Ingólfur threw overboard two carved pillars and pledged to settle wherever they landed. Gunnar Karlsson, that country's premier historian, chronicles the age of the Sagas, consulting them to describe an era without a monarch or central authority. The Landnámabók refers to Irish monks, known as ‘the Papar’, as the first inhabitants of the island, having left behind books, crosses and bells for the Norse to later discover. This dark hour in Iceland’s history was known as the Sturlung Age, named for the Sturlungs, the most powerful family clan in Iceland at the time. The population grew to 100,000 people for the first time in Iceland's history. 1950. Trade was normally undertaken on short routes to neighbouring Scandinavia and Europe as Iceland’s merchants were primarily farmers and thus could not afford to spend too much time away from their major source of income. Such transformative makeovers have only occurred in the capital a handful of times, but today, in 2018, the renaissance is all too clear. In 1949, Iceland joined as one of the founding members of NATO, whilst only a year before, the country had begun to receive Marshall Aid from the United States. At Gray Line Iceland, we run several tours of Iceland to help you see the best our country has to offer. Iceland is geographically positioned both in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. Around the time of the first settlers, it is suspected that approximately 40% of Iceland was covered with natural birch wood forests. In 1989, Vigdís Finnbogadóttir becomes President of Iceland and the world’s first democratically elected female head of state. Credit: Imperial War Museum. English translation is by Anna Yates. 1944: The Republic of Iceland is formally established. Modern-Day Iceland. Wikimedia. The last ice age started around 70 thousand years ago and lasted for 60 thousand years. Government: Iceland is a parliamentary constitutional republic. Iceland History, Language and Culture History of Iceland. 995 – King Olaf first attempt to convert Icelanders to Christianity 5. Thanks! This vote occurred only four years after Denmark had succumbed to the invading German Army, a position that had left Iceland, a neutral country, in a rather precarious position in the years preceding its own illegal occupation. From Greenland, Icelanders would import walrus ivory, fur and skins, whilst from Byzantium, they acquired such fine things as gems, silver, jewellery and wine. In the 13th century, a civil war is known as the Age of the Sturlungs gripped Iceland. Icelanders celebrating their independence at Þingvellir, the cultural centrepoint for Icelanders across the country. Iceland is unique among European societies in having been founded as late as the Viking Age and in having copious written and archaeological sources about its origin. ——. This book gives a clear, concise and vivid overview of Icelandic history through these centuries, showcasing the main events, the people and their way of life, in both times of glory and times of degradation and natural disaster. Is Iceland a good travel destination for queer people? 1941: US-Icelandic defence agreement signed; US troops stay in Iceland for duration of WWII. Iceland was still uninhabited long after the rest of Western Europe had been settled. These directly went against the teachings of the church but were ingrained cultural habits in the Icelandic population. Norwegian chieftains followed Ingólfur en masse through the next few decades to escape the heavy-handed King Harald of Norway, and in about 60 years, Iceland was fully settled. The island was settled by the Norse seafarers in the ninth century; they established the world's first known republic and parliament in about AD 930. 20070523 Laugarbrekka … Iceland's first visitors. However, given the alarming rate that anti-Communist rhetoric entered the mainstream political consensus in the United States, it was decided one-sidedly that their presence should be maintained in order to deter Russian nuclear attacks from the American mainland. The History of Iceland. The early settlement, made up primarily of Norwegian seafarers and adventurers, fostered further excursions to Greenland and the coast of … Did you learn anything new? The Americans would go on to have an enormous impact on Icelandic culture, politics and history, pushing forward large-scale urban development that welcomed Iceland into an era of modernity and international cooperation. This magma pocket is known as the “Iceland Plume”, it’s origins thought to lie over 2000 metres inside of the Earth’s mantle. Gissur Þorvaldsson, himself a chieftain and one of the former opponents of Sturla, was made a Jarl by the Norwegian king. Event. Iceland is unique among European societies in having been founded as late as the Viking Age and in having copious written and archaeological sources about its origin. How Gray Line Iceland can help you experience Iceland’s most historic sites for yourself. Creative Commons. The discovery of Iceland is attributed to the Greek explorer Pytheas who made an epic voyage of exploration to north-western Europe around 325 BC. ~860s: Norsemen discover Iceland. A British Soldier watching over Faxaflói Bay in 1940. So too is the American influence that still lingers in Iceland—even now, it is clear that this is a country of hot dog lovers, cinephiles, rock n’ roll musicians and revolutionaries. In 1986, Iceland hosted the Reykjavík Summit, a meeting between the US President Ronald Reagan and General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev, regarding nuclear disarmament. Iceland was given its name by a Scandinavian sailor, Flóki Vilgerðarson after he spotted some drift ice in the fjords during an especially brutal winter. He argued that further diplomatic efforts with the Icelandic government would likely reveal British invasion plans to the Germans, hence it was a more strategic move to invade without any prior warning. Well, that the history of Iceland is rich with legend and lore, ranging from the first settlement that was established here over a thousand years ago by Vikings, to the prosperous, liberal and modern Scandinavian nation that it is today. , probably in Latin, on the market, you agree to our use cookies... You can experience the midnight sun mixed Norse and Celtic population arrivals were. 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