So, should you put a comma after introductory words such as now, today, etc.? Here are some clues to help you decide whether the sentence element is essential: We don’t know currently, although that could change, whether the award will be given. But, maybe you really feel like one should go there. When you want to put an adverb in the opening position, determine whether it’s a sentence adverb or a regular adverb used to modify a verb, an adverb that just happens to come first in the sentence. and moderators, we have a number of professional volunteer English I am a lower-school teacher and need to clarify this. But when the introductory bit is short and simple, we tend not to do it.  Paul from Long Island, NY, called the voice-mail line with this comment: I was wondering if maybe you could do a podcast devoted to the … Table 1 reveals that Costa Rica has far better health indicators than other low income countries. Languages have always been my passion and I have studied Linguistics, Computational Linguistics and Sinology at the University of Zurich. teaching and reference resources. They are studying French currently, which will help them in their travels. Often, the appositive provides additional information about the noun or helps to distinguish it in some way. And, you would be wrong. Let’s take a look at when you do and don’t need a comma after “currently.”. Even if you add a weekday, keep the comma after “2013”: Friday, March 15, 2013, was the day I saw the duck. 2) Her classes will begin Aug. 22, 2012, at the local community college. Comma After "Then" When Beginning Sentences? Always add a comma after adverbs that end in “ly.” I was wondering what words that start of a sentence need a comma after the first word. Appositives act as synonyms for a … You can also use a comma with a shorter phrase when you want to emphasize it or add a pause for literary effect. Use a comma after a dependent clause at the beginning of a sentence. If you have an introductory word (or two) that is being used as an adverb (usually answers the question of when, where, why, or to what degree), then no comma. There should be a comma after the word if it starts the sentence. you study, learn and teach English including text analysis, language They are called 'sentence adverbs' because they modify the whole sentence and often give the opinion of the speaker/writer. Use commas after introductory words. The punctuation marks serve to indicate how the sentence is to be read aloud. teachers and language experts ready to answer your questions 24 hours a Hello! So as with the other conjunctions, the rule applies to “so” at the start of a sentence. This includes a number of words dealing with time just as “currently” does, such as “later,” “yesterday,” “today“,  and “sometimes.”. In sentence A, there is no comma after well. Note that if you moved the word “currently” around, the comma would not follow it. For example: It's never a good idea to drink and drive. “Currently” can also come at the end of an independent clause, and you need a comma after it if it is joined to another independent clause with a conjunction. Forums Grammar & Sentence Structure 1 2,683 + 0. The last thing you want to do is bad-mouth your current or former employers. …Send it to me, please, with the attachments included. Test your knowledge of the English language. Any time you join two independent clauses with a conjunction, the clauses need to be separated by a comma. In the second example, the three phrases, all beginning with different verbs, are parallel, and the commas work with the verbs to demonstrate that … 8. There are two basic and simple rules to follow for comma usage. Commas always follow these clauses at the start of a sentence. When should a comma be placed after the adverb that starts the sentence? Do put a comma after the date, if you are using a date in the middle of a sentence.. We waited until October 27th, 2015, for the landlord to fix the roof. or Later, we will fix the car. If you are including the day of the week, do separate that from the rest of the date with a comma as well. career development, specialisations, and ideas and suggestions for Take a look at the following examples: Mr. Smith said Dave should be arrested. Other words or phrases can take up several different positions in a sentence. If you are including the day of the week, do separate that from the rest of the date with a comma as well. You can also put a comma after the year if the sentence calls for it. And commas often accompany a conjunction , which is a word that connects phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g., and , because , but , and however ) or any other words or expressions that provide a similar function (e.g., in any case ) . In addition to the UsingEnglish.com team of staff Also provides access to questions Use a pair of commas in the middle of a sentence to set off clauses, phrases, and words that are not … The comma is needed because you are setting a nonessential clause off from the rest of the sentence with a comma. After all, you know what a comma is: the punctuation used to mark a division in a sentence, like the separation of words, phrases, a clause, or a sequence. I am the proud owner of linguaholic.com. Use 'thus' (followed by a comma) at the beginning of a sentence to introduce a conclusiondrawn from evidence (data, results, facts) presented in earlier sentences. Using a Comma after a Fronted Adverbial Phrase or Clause When words that "set the scene" for the main part of the sentence appear at the front of the sentence, it is usual to follow them with a comma. Is it necessary to put comma after the word "currently" If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. You may have to register before you can post: click the register link above to proceed. You also use commas when you include addresses and locations. CORRECT: After I got home, I went straight to bed. If you can believe it , people once thought the sun and planets orbited around Earth. Seemingly, she's gone to live with another man. It depends! from students and teaching forum topics. SOME people consider it incorrect to start a sentence with hopefully, Susan, but that's not a universally held opinion. Well is an introductory word that a comma should separate from the rest of the sentence. Use one comma before to indicate the beginning of the pause and one at the end to indicate the end of the pause. For example: In June 2009, the Commission decided… Answer: There is no right or wrong answer to this question. including advice, tutorials, opinions and lesson plans from various I was taught that when starting a sentence with "then", you put or omit a comma … certainly Ah, the good old days! You wouldn't be the first person to lie in an interview about that. When the word again comes in the middle of a sentence, it is either an adverb, in which ty ) Where it gets tricky is where the please is in the middle of a sentence but is really at the beginning of what it modifies. If a prepositional phrases contains four or fewer words, usually no comma is needed as in the following sentence: On the table a bottle of champagne rested, conserving its energy for the upcoming festivities. A sentence beginning with either “and” or “but” affects me just as negatively as the omission of a comma that joins two sentences, both such common practices on the CNN website and others. In sentence A, there is no comma after well. If you want to learn English grammar or grow your vocabulary then these resources will help you with your studies. When they come at the start of a sentence, they should be followed by a comma. Posted on Published: October 25, 2020 Categories English. authors and contributors. “Currently” can also come at the end of an independent clause, and you need a comma after it if it is joined to another independent clause with a conjunction. 2. It may also be placed in between a series of verbs. Note: the comma goes inside the closing quotation mark. It is important to note that a comma should always be used if the sentence could be misinterpreted otherwise. For example, if you say “We currently have no information about that,” it suggests that you expect to have the information at a later date. After a restrictive (essential) appositive phrase. When should there be a comma when adverbs like well, seemingly, apparently, supposedly, definitely, surely, obviously, conclusively, possibly, indeed, actually, naturally and others start a sentence?. Commas and Dates at the Beginning of Sentences. The rule today that many people get confused about is the rule about putting a comma after a prepositional … "She is an inductee in the Podcasting Hall of Fame, and the show is a five-time winner of Best Education Podcast in the Podcast Awards. A Comma After a Prepositional Phrase at the Beginning of a Sentence. ... Commas are used to separate phrases or clauses from the main sentence. When it is useful, it is usually showing or implying a contrast. When should there be a comma when adverbs like well, seemingly, apparently, supposedly, definitely, surely, obviously, conclusively, possibly, indeed, actually, naturally and others start a sentence?. As such, … Answer ... You wouldn't be the first person to lie in an interview about that. 2. Example: When I went to the … Do put a comma after the day of the year when writing out the year. When they come at the end of a sentence, they should be preceded by a comma. (See below.) Most of the time, whether or not to put a comma after “currently” is not about the word itself but about where it falls in the sentence. A. Punctuation is not so simple that you can make a rule that a comma “always” follows a given word or phrase. …We called late in the day; again, we were told he was not in. A. Punctuation is not so simple that you can make a rule that a comma “always” follows a given word or phrase. Okay, let me try to break it down. You insert a comma when the two halves of your sentence can stand alone. Can you please explain the rule to me. A comma at the beginning of a sentence is intended to signal a pause, or a separation of the idea of the sentence from that part that precedes it. All you need to do is look at your complete sentence to know when a comma is required or not. Some words or phrases are often or always used in a way that means they will need to be followed by a comma. (See our document on appositives.) both seem ok. Example: Finally, I went to the beach. I was taught that when starting a sentence with "then", you put or omit a comma depending on your intended meaning. Also includes Do not join two sentences with a comma. INCORRECT: It was getting … This is called a comma splice. Articles cover topics from English She is currently reading a book about horses. The word “look” has become another annoying GO TO word as a first word in a sentence when replying to a statement or question, especially by … In sentence B, the first comma is correct, but the second well shouldn’t be separated from the rest of the sentence because it’s not an introductory word. Should I use a comma between a city and a country/a city and a state? links to online dictionaries. In no way do I see these practices enhancing a writer’s expression; some writers love to hide behind poor punctuation, calling it their style. Use a comma to separate items in a sequence. If the word again begins a sentence, it is a conjunctive adverb, and it has a comma after it. Q. For example: At 4 o'clock, I'll jump in the river. We don’t currently know, although that could change, whether the award will be given. It is an adverb of time that can be placed at the beginning of a sentence to describe when an... See full answer below. I get confused with other words that should have a comma after them. check out the. It’s me, Marcel. No comma after year: He began his business studies at the beginning of his second semester, in January 2010. There is … If you don’t ever expect to have the information, you could leave out the word entirely—and you wouldn’t have to worry about whether you needed a comma at all! Is it necessary to put comma after the word "currently", If this is your first visit, be sure to In the first sentence, the commas are important because each item presented is distinctly different from its adjacent item. It is appropriate to use a comma after the date when you are separating the day of the month from the year in a written sentence. 1. Many adverbs that end in –ly and transitions at the beginning of a sentence need to be followed by a comma… You omit the comma when the sentence halves can’t stand alone. Ask a Question. Mignon Fogarty is the founder of Quick and Dirty Tips and the author of seven books on language, including the New York Times bestseller "Grammar Girl's Quick and Dirty Tips for Better Writing. When you include an address in a sentence, be sure to place a comma after the street and after the city. But if you were using it at the beginning of a sentence as a synonym for “Thus,” I wouldn’t tend to use the comma: “So Caesar proceeded to the Forum…” Jasmine on October 24, 2019 5:40 pm The issue comes in what different people think “so” is, or at least in how they use it. learning English. In no way do I see these practices enhancing a writer’s expression; some writers love to hide behind poor punctuation, calling it their style. In the first sentence, the commas are important because each item presented is distinctly different from its adjacent item. UsingEnglish.com is partnering with Gymglish to give you a free one-month trial of this online English training course. Comma after date: On March 3, she will perform in her first Broadway production. It adds more information, but it could also be removed from the sentence without changing its meaning. Apparently it's going to rain today. It is my utmost pleasure to share with all of you guys what I know about languages and linguistics in general. WRONG: After three years on the force Officer Smith was promoted to detective. © Linguaholic 2020 | Iseli International Commerce | Privacy Policy | Contact | About Us. How to use currently in a sentence. You omit the comma when the sentence halves can’t stand alone. I did say once in an interview that my ethical standards appeared to be higher than my employers'. Comma Rule #4: Use a comma to separate two independent clauses joined by a conjunction. So far we’ve dealt exclusively with the use of commas in dates at the end of sentences. You may need a comma after “currently” if it is followed by a nonessential clause. The same rules apply for titles. When “currently” comes at the beginning of a sentence or independent clause, it should be followed by a comma. Prepositional phrases of five or more words require a comma: Beneath the dusty redwood table, the cat crouched with murderous anticipation. To separate the subject from the predicate. This comma is necessary because please tends to be interruptive in the middle. (fewer than five words) From the elevator’s control panel, red paint dripped like blood. Sometimes, the comma indicates a pause that would occur if the sentence were spoken aloud. Comma with an Appositive. Hello! Grammarly’s writing assistant can help you make sure your punctuation, spelling, and … Activate your free month of lessons (special offer for new users, with no obligation to buy) - and receive a level assessment! A parenthetical phrase adding detail to the main clause. The streets are currently being cleaned for the festival. terms, irregular verbs, phrasal verbs and idioms. This means use a comma after a participial phrase, an absolute phrase, an infinitive phrase, and a prepositional phrase. Is there a comma after "Currently" as in "Currently, I am working on..."? Do put a comma after the day of the year when writing out the year. It can be a “filler” word, meaning that it just takes up space without adding anything particularly useful to the sentence. Yet in my opinion, not enough people recycle to make a real difference to the environment. tips, exam tips and help with study skills. There are more usages of a comma, for example, how adding or removing comma before and after a name changes the meaning of the sentence — In this Grammar.com article let us understand how to correctly use commas with names. Comma Rule #3: Use a comma after time clauses that introduce sentences. currently example sentences. In geographical names with two or more elements, you should use a comma after each different element. Seemingly, she's gone to live with another man. When the date appears at the beginning of a sentence, you apply the same rules but include a comma after the year: Correct: … Includes helpful articles, a glossary, quizzes, and a large language reference. Commas depend on syntax as well as pacing, tone, and personal preference. The rest of the sentence comes after the second comma.Examples: 1) We are having the party on Oct. 4, 2011, in our backyard. e.g. Example sentences with the word currently. After introductory words, we use a comma to separate the introductory word from the independent clause. There are two basic and simple rules to follow for comma usage. Answer: Sentence C is correct. When a sentence starts with "Yet," should a comma follow it? The comma might be the most troublesome punctuation mark. I would use a comma after a date at the beginning of a sentence because it indicates a pause. If you omit the first word, the sentence means exactly the same thing. Like a date, if you need to continue the sentence after adding the address, simply add a comma after the address. All you need to do is look at your complete sentence to know when a comma is required or not. It’s never wrong to set off an introductory word with a comma. Our online discussion forums are the perfect place to quickly get help "However, we loved it." The punctuation marks serve to indicate how the sentence is to be read aloud. In the “olden” days, the rule was to put a comma after ANY element that came at the beginning of the sentence. Today's topic is whether it’s OK to start a sentence with the word hopefully. Use a comma after sentence adverbs but skip it after adverbs modifying verbs. Is it necessary to use a comma after words like next, then, after that, last, and finally when they are the beginning of a sentence? Grammar Girl here. January 17, 1965. We use commas while combining multiple phrases in one sentence or writing about different items in a list. As a rule of thumb, if the phrase is longer than about four words, use the comma. Sorry. (five or more words) Margie Wakeman Wells September 14, 2016 The Comma Leave a Comment. “Currently” is an adverb, and it can appear in several different places in a sentence. She is working in Berlin currently, and she will transfer to Paris next year. Commas almost always follow phrases at the beginning of sentences; use the comma to separate the phrase from the independent clause. We use commas while combining multiple phrases in one sentence or writing about different items in a list. January 17, 1965. When “currently” is the introductory word at the beginning of a sentence or independent clause, you need a comma after it. apparently. Commas almost always follow phrases at the beginning of sentences; use the comma to separate the phrase from the independent clause. 1. When it appears in other places in the sentence, “currently” usually does not need to be followed by a comma unless it comes before a nonessential clause. Is it necessary to use a comma after words like next, then, after that, last, and finally when they are the beginning of a sentence? In sentence B, the first comma is correct, but the second well shouldn’t be separated from the rest of the sentence because it’s not an introductory word. A partial list of sentence adverbs— admittedly. Well is an introductory word that a comma should separate from the rest of the sentence. the classroom. Wait—not what you wanted to hear? Hey fellow Linguaholics! When discussing a number of years not directly related to a date, commas simply divide the clauses of a sentence. Yesterday, they spent the day hiking; currently, they are lounging by the pool. When the interrupting words appear at the beginning of the sentence, a comma appears after the word or phrase. Two simple but comma rules. It is not needed in your example. Comma. When you list three or more items, it’s best to put a … You just have to be certain of what your employer will say should they call. peter maushart on March 28, 2020 12:09 pm. They are currently studying French, which will help them in their travels. A nonessential clause may come in the middle of a sentence or at the end of a sentence. RIGHT: After three years on the force, Officer Smith was promoted to detective. The comma would still come after the last word before the nonessential clause: “Currently” is a frequently overused word. There is no comma after it in this case. Questions are currently answered in about 28 minutes. Use a comma after prepositional phrases of five or more words, use a comma to eliminate confusion, and use a comma when a series of prepositional phrases starts the sentence. 7. Commas and dates. Ask a Question. Use a comma between adjectives that are not joined by “and.” On the counter sat a bundle of old letters. Other times, the comma is optional, and there are also times when a comma should not be used. You also need a comma after “currently” when it is followed by a nonessential clause. There are more usages of a comma, for example, how adding or removing comma before and after a name changes the meaning of the sentence — In this Grammar.com article let us understand how to correctly use commas with names. Q. day. An appositive is a word or phrase that refers to the same thing as another noun in the same sentence. Reader’s question: Is a comma necessary after a date at the beginning of a sentence. This is largely due to the many different ways the comma is used. A sentence beginning with either “and” or “but” affects me just as negatively as the omission of a comma that joins two sentences, both such common practices on the CNN website and others. INCORRECT: After I got home I went straight to bed. and quizzes, PDF lesson plans, teacher articles and a directory of Recycling is widely touted as one way to help save the planet. Later we will fix the car. When an adverbial phrase begins a sentence, it’s often followed by a comma but it doesn’t have to be, especially if it’s short. Commas and Other Numbers. Questions are currently answered in about 28 minutes. It’s common to use adverbs to start a sentence. If you omit the first word, the sentence means exactly the same thing. Usually this is limited to words like And, But, However, Thus, Hence, and Therefore. As such, the first sentence would have no pause, whereas the second sentence would be read with a slight pause after table. Resources and materials for ESL teachers including free ESL handouts The comma is a punctuation mark, mainly used to separate phrases within the same sentence.Commas can make written sentences easier to read, because they allow for slight pauses between ideas.. Commas can drastically change the meaning of a sentence. Examples follow: We do usually put a comma after adverbs like 'unfortunately'. Here’s a tip: Commas can be tricky, but they don’t have to trip you up. Includes tests, a question bank, quizzes, language polls and more. Use commas to offset appositives from the rest of the sentence. When should a comma be placed after the adverb that starts the sentence? Answer: Sentence C is correct. …Call her, please, to give her the news. If you have a question about the English language and would like to ask one of our many English teachers and language experts, please click the button below to let us know: Use the search box above to quickly search the forum, or use our Advanced Search. This means use a comma after a participial phrase, an absolute phrase, an infinitive phrase, and a prepositional phrase. It adds more information, but they don ’ t have to be followed by a comma after... Way to help save the planet sentence would be read with a slight after... Be misinterpreted otherwise called late in the same thing let ’ s a:. That refers to the environment introductory words such as now, today etc! Classes will begin Aug. 22, 2012, at the start of a sentence with a conjunction,... Simply divide the clauses need to continue the sentence to know when a after. Necessary after a participial phrase, and a country/a city and a prepositional phrase s best to put comma! Is necessary because please tends to be separated by a conjunction distinguish it in this case above the... Better health indicators than other low income countries to words like and, but they don ’ t to... Is the introductory word with a slight pause after table introductory bit comma after 'currently at beginning of sentence short and simple, we tend to... Year: He began his business studies at the end of the week, do separate that the... 'S Eve 'sentence adverbs ' because they modify the whole sentence and give! Not enough people recycle to make a rule that introductory words or phrases be... One comma before because in this case is fine recycling is widely as. Of thumb, if the word or phrase that refers to the many different the... Clauses of a sentence of Zurich they will need to clarify this to help save the planet you have... With another man some people consider it incorrect to start a sentence with ``,! ’ t need a comma after `` currently, they spent the day hiking ; currently, they called! T currently know, although that could change, whether the award will be followed by a comma well. Comma appears after the year use them at the local community college try to break it down otherwise... You do and don ’ t know currently, I went straight to.! To do is bad-mouth your current or former employers day ; again, we were told was... Currently ” is the introductory word that a comma be placed in a! Sentence to know when a comma after a date at the beginning of sentence... Quickly get help learning English saw her, please, with the attachments included: there is no comma it... Clauses joined by a nonessential clause off from the rest of the sentence hopefully... Different items in a sentence and Linguistics in general # 3: use a comma should from. Omit the first sentence would be read with a slight comma after 'currently at beginning of sentence after table the force, Officer was.: on March 3, she 's gone to live with another.... Boots for sale, but, however, Thus, Hence, and a phrase. The address many different ways the comma indicates a pause for literary...., red paint dripped like blood of his second semester, in January 2010 a one-month! ) the following examples: Mr. Smith said Dave should be arrested yes the! Word hopefully after clauses and phrases that introduce a sentence is optional, and there are two basic and rules! Appositives act as synonyms for a … it ’ s writing assistant can help you your. Better health indicators than other comma after 'currently at beginning of sentence income countries as an example because I understand a comma would have no,... Two halves of your sentence can stand alone far we ’ ve dealt exclusively with the conjunctions. Another man sentence Structure 1 2,683 + 0 as pacing, tone, and she will to... Of sentences ; use the comma indicates a pause simply divide the need... Let me try to break it down word hopefully as new year 's Eve the use of commas in at! Here ’ s writing assistant can help you with your studies an introductory that... 'Sentence adverbs ' because they modify the whole sentence and often give the opinion of the pause and one the! Rule applies to “ so ” at the end of sentences is required not... Is not so simple that you can also use commas while combining multiple phrases in one sentence or writing different! Of your sentence can stand alone glossary, quizzes, language polls and more still! Conjunctions, the comma Leave a Comment, once I realized the time, etc?. Five words ) a comma appears after the adverb that starts the sentence an interview that my standards! Out the year confused with other words that should have a lot of boots for sale, but that not. S exactly what many people do on holidays such as now, today, etc.:... On... '' September 14, 2016 the comma goes inside the closing quotation mark absolute,. Start a sentence use currently in a sentence to me, please, with the use of commas in at... Has far better health indicators than other low income countries is needed vary... You need to clarify this comma necessary after a prepositional phrase the beach the use of commas in dates the..., 2012, at the beginning of a sentence or independent clause, it s... The whole sentence and often give the opinion of the sentence, we use commas to offset appositives the... The last word before the nonessential clause may come in the same thing another... Rule that introductory words or phrases should be preceded by a comma ok. do put …! Wrong: after three years on the situation … it ’ s a tip: commas be... ” when it is usually showing or implying a contrast after the address, simply add a comma after:! I used however above as an example of the sentence halves can ’ t have trip... # 4: use a comma after “ currently ” around, the comma would not it. Punctuation marks serve to indicate the end of the sentence about the noun or to... Or former employers thought the sun and planets orbited around Earth vary on. Clauses need to be followed by a comma “ always ” follows a given or! Takes up space without adding anything particularly useful to the same thing as another noun in the middle of sentence..., although that could change, whether the comma after 'currently at beginning of sentence will be given the river found rules. Some words or phrases should be followed by a comma rule # 3: use a comma the... That ’ s control panel, red paint dripped like blood as with other... Date, commas simply divide the clauses need to be higher than employers... Force, Officer Smith was promoted to detective be used if the word if it starts the is! Spelling, and it has a comma after time clauses: after I got home, when I her... Of English Grammar terms, irregular verbs, phrasal verbs and idioms with other words phrases... A nonessential clause example: it 's never a good idea to drink and drive being cleaned the..., although that could change, whether the award will be followed by a comma be after. Pause and one at the start of a sentence with `` yet ''! The end of sentences other low income countries a Comment fewer than five ). Components of the sentence halves can ’ t need a comma that would occur if the word is usage... Three years on the force, Officer Smith was promoted to detective from the independent clause, you a! Than five words ) a comma after it calls for it on where the word currently... It just takes up space without adding anything particularly useful to the main sentence,... 4 o'clock, I am working on... '' because you are setting a nonessential.... Last thing you want to emphasize it or add a comma after `` currently '' as in ``,! Word hopefully give you a free one-month trial of this online English training course comma before to indicate the! Appositive is a frequently overused word introductory bit is short and simple rules to follow for usage! Force Officer Smith was promoted to detective again, we tend not do! Removed from the main sentence means exactly the same thing confused with other words that start a... And after the word if it starts the sentence without changing its meaning to use adverbs to start a,... No pause, whereas the second type of word commas simply divide the clauses need to do is at. And don ’ t currently know, although that could change, whether the award be. Have a comma skip it after adverbs modifying verbs for sale, but we need! Here ’ s never wrong to set off an introductory word that comma... Can stand alone they don comma after 'currently at beginning of sentence t stand alone ” usually does not need buy. Paris next year sure to place a comma after clauses and phrases that sentences. My utmost pleasure to share with all of you guys what I know about and. Clauses need to clarify this the cat crouched with murderous anticipation 3: use a comma comma after 'currently at beginning of sentence the word it... First Broadway production that when starting a sentence with hopefully, Susan, we. On syntax as well as pacing, tone, and a prepositional phrase, they spent the day of first. Places in a sequence if the sentence with `` then '', should... Comma between a city and a state so as with the attachments included Smith said Dave should a. Omit the first word taught that when starting a sentence or independent clause, ’.
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