[107], Average annual precipitation is 15 inches (380 mm), but great variations are seen. The constitution of 1889 provided for the election of no fewer than three Supreme Court justices, and one chief justice. The state tree, the ponderosa pine, was selected by Montana schoolchildren as the preferred state tree by an overwhelming majority in a referendum held in 1908. [163], In the wake of the legislative action in 1918, emotions rose. These included a Native American language (64%), German (4%), Spanish (3%), Russian (1%), and Chinese (less than 0.5%). Anaconda, county seat of Deer Lodge County, which has a consolidated city-county government, is located in southwestern Montana, United States.Located at the foot of the Anaconda Range (known locally as the "Pintlers"), the Continental Divide passes within 8 mi (13 km) south of the community. [10] The name was changed by representatives Henry Wilson (Massachusetts) and Benjamin F. Harding (Oregon), who complained Montana had "no meaning". In terms of pure population numbers, the state surpassed the 1 million mark according to estimates from the US Census Bureau for 2016. Montana's Senate district is the fourth largest by area, behind Alaska, Texas, and California. Race and Ethnicity by Place in Montana There are 364 places in Montana. Alaska and Hawaii have both had nuclear submarines named after them. Read more Distribution of resident population of Montana in 2019, by age group Soon it will be possible to see the city of Montana on the map. A part of southeastern Montana was used as a corridor between the Crows and the related Hidatsas in North Dakota. After going through the data numbers from 2015-19; it is known that the population of Billings has grown further by 4319.4 in the past 5 years. This section compares the 50 most populous of those to each other, Montana, and other entities that contain or substantially overlap with Montana. Wheeler was brought before the Council of Defense, though he avoided formal proceedings, and a district court judge from Forsyth was impeached. [103], The climate has become warmer in Montana[when?] [28] The Beartooth Plateau is the largest continuous land mass over 10,000 feet (3,000 m) high in the continental United States. Another 40,000-plus Montanans entered the armed forces in the first year following the declaration of war, and more than 57,000 joined up before the war ended. Montana is ranked number 45 out of 56 U.S. States and Territories in terms of highest population. [310], Montana has one city, Billings, with a population over 100,000; and two cities with populations over 50,000: Missoula and Great Falls. The population of Montana … Rocky Mountain Montana is a land of high mountains, deep valleys, green forests, and treeless crest lines, … 1.03% of residents are not US citizens. The 1972 constitution lengthened the term of office to eight years, and established the minimum number of justices at five. [305], In more recent presidential elections, Montana has voted for the Republican candidate in all but two elections from 1952 to the present. [135][136] Granville Stuart, Samuel Hauser, and Andrew J. Davis started a major open-range cattle operation in Fergus County in 1879. Great Falls was the largest city in Montana from 1950 to 1970, when Billings surpassed it. [260] Robert Redford's 1992 film of Norman Mclean's novel, A River Runs Through It, was filmed in Montana and brought national attention to fly fishing and the state. The ratio of females to males is approximately 49.7% females to 50.3% males. Population, Race and Ethnicity Kalispell is a city in Flathead County, Montana, with a population of 22,621. [243], A variety of sports are offered at Montana high schools. [226] Schools started forming in the area before it was officially a territory as families started settling into the area. 2015 –1.03 Million. Population of Montana state. U.S. Attorney Burton K. Wheeler and several district court judges who hesitated to prosecute or convict people brought up on charges were strongly criticized. Missoula is home to the University of Montana… In addition, Amtrak's Empire Builder train runs through the north of the state, stopping in Libby, Whitefish, West Glacier, Essex, East Glacier Park, Browning, Cut Bank, Shelby, Havre, Malta, Glasgow, and Wolf Point. The first operational missiles were in place and ready in early 1962. Both downhill skiing and cross-country skiing are popular in Montana, which has 15 developed downhill ski areas open to the public,[264] including: Big Sky Resort and Whitefish Mountain Resort are destination resorts, while the remaining areas do not have overnight lodging at the ski area, though several host restaurants and other amenities. [73] It is the longest undammed, free-flowing river in the contiguous United States,[74][75] and drains about a quarter of Montana (36,000 square miles (93,000 km2)). Bozeman city, Montana. Montana RailLink, a privately held Class II railroad, operates former Northern Pacific trackage in western Montana. **New figures became available in 2020. [306] The state last supported a Democrat for president in 1992, when Bill Clinton won a plurality victory. [309], Montana has 56 counties and a total of 364 "places" as defined by the United States Census Bureau; the latter comprising 129 incorporated places and 235 census-designated places. Democrats hold one of the state's two U.S. Senate seats with Jon Tester, as well as the governorship with Steve Bullock. The Montana Supreme Court has the authority to declare acts of the legislature and executive unconstitutional under either the Montana or U.S. constitutions. As of 2018, the total population in Montana was estimated at 1.06 million. [190] Montana has three counties in which Native Americans are a majority: Big Horn, Glacier, and Roosevelt. [232] Sarah quit teaching the following year, but she later become the Madison County superintendent of schools.[231]. 2016 – 1.04 Million. [184], According to the 2010 Census, 89.4% of the population was White (87.8% non-Hispanic White), 6.3% American Indian and Alaska Native, 2.9% Hispanics and Latinos of any race, 0.6% Asian, 0.4% Black or African American, 0.1% Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander, 0.6% from some other race, and 2.5% from two or more races. [137][138] The Grant-Kohrs Ranch National Historic Site in Deer Lodge is maintained today as a link to the ranching style of the late 19th century. Highway 212, the primary paved route between the two, passes through the northeast corner of Wyoming between Montana and South Dakota. 1,068,778. Montana is one of the least populated states in the U.S. Its population of 1,052,343 puts it at 44th in terms of population when compared to the other states. Stemming from multiple treaties and federal legislation, including the Indian Appropriations Act (1851), the Dawes Act (1887), and the Indian Reorganization Act (1934), seven Indian reservations, encompassing 11 federally recognized tribal nations, were created in Montana. So, the pop… [104] An area southwest of Belfry averaged only 6.59 inches (167 mm) over a 16-year period. [321] Similarly, the secretary of state sponsored a children's vote in 1981 to choose a state animal, and after 74 animals were nominated, the grizzly bear won over the elk by a 2–1 margin. [53] Paleontologist Jack Horner of the Museum of the Rockies in Bozeman brought this formation to the world's attention with several major finds. In terms of declining populations, the highest rates were found in the center of the state. Her actions were widely criticized in Montana, where support for the war and patriotism were strong. *Excludes 65,000 Jews who live in Florida for 3-7 months of the year and are counted in their primary state of residence. The western half is mountainous, interrupted by numerous large valleys. The average Montana education level is … By 2019, this figure had increased to about 1.07 million people. Area 147,040 square miles (380,832 square km). Montana has the largest grizzly bear population in the lower 48 states. They are overseen by District Court judges. Located in southwest Montana, the 2010 census put Bozeman's population at 37,280 and by 2016 the population rose to 45,250, making it the fourth largest city in Montana. [157] Also, most settlers were from wetter regions, unprepared for the dry climate, lack of trees, and scarce water resources. [133], Cattle ranching has been central to Montana's history and economy since Johnny Grant began wintering cattle in the Deer Lodge Valley in the 1850s and traded cattle fattened in fertile Montana valleys with emigrants on the Oregon Trail. The University of Montana "was the first to establish dual admission agreements with all of the tribal colleges and as such it was the first institution in the nation to actively facilitate student transfer from the tribal colleges."[210]. [8][9] Montaña del Norte was the name given by early Spanish explorers to the entire mountainous region of the west. It may be the fourth biggest state in the country in terms of sheer size, but its population statistics are a testament to the geography of Montana, most of which is not suitable for large development. The deadline for a legislator to introduce an appropriations, revenue, or referenda bill is the 62nd legislative day. [69], The Yellowstone River rises on the Continental Divide near Younts Peak in Wyoming's Teton Wilderness. Voters turned down a new convention in 1990 (84 percent no)[298] and again in 2010 (58.6 percent no). Montana's House district is the largest congressional district in the United States by population, with just over 1,023,000 constituents. Before the creation of Montana Territory (1864–1889), areas within present-day Montana were part of the Oregon Territory (1848–1859), Washington Territory (1853–1863), Idaho Territory (1863–1864), and Dakota Territory (1861–1864). A 12th nation, the Little Shell Chippewa is a "landless" people headquartered in Great Falls; it is recognized by the state of Montana, but not by the U.S. government. Further increases followed but they began to slow down in the 1900s. CensusViewer delivers detailed demographics and population statistics from the 2010 Census, 2000 Census, American Community Survey (ACS), registered voter files, commercial data sources and more. 2017 – 1.05 Million 3. [174][175] Air bases were built in Great Falls, Lewistown, Cut Bank, and Glasgow, some of which were used as staging areas to prepare planes to be sent to allied forces in the Soviet Union. In all, 77 named ranges are part of the Rocky Mountains. [219] Significant industries exist for lumber and mineral extraction; the state's resources include gold, coal, silver, talc, and vermiculite. The Water Court consists of a chief water judge and four district water judges (Lower Missouri River Basin, Upper Missouri River Basin, Yellowstone River Basin, and Clark Fork River Basin). The transcontinental NPR was completed on September 8, 1883, at Gold Creek. There are only two states in the US that are more sparsely populated than the aptly nicknamed Big Sky Country -- Alaska and Wyoming. [192] The state's Native American population grew by 27.9% between 1980 and 1990 (at a time when Montana's entire population rose 1.6%),[192] and by 18.5 percent between 2000 and 2010. The population of Montana is 1,032,949. As of 2015[update], the Bureau of Economic Analysis estimates Montana's state product was $42.6 billion (45th in the nation) and per capita personal income was $41,280 (37th in the nation). [221], Montana's personal income tax contains seven brackets, with rates ranging from 1.0 to 6.9 percent. Montana District Courts are the courts of general jurisdiction in Montana. Many people left, and half the banks in the state went bankrupt as a result of providing mortgages that could not be repaid. Montana capital is Helena and Billings is the largest and most populous city. Bureau of Economic Analysis. Toole. However, the legislature did not designate a state tree until 1949, when the Montana Federation of Garden Clubs, with the support of the state forester, lobbied for formal recognition. [104], Average daytime temperatures vary from 28 °F or −2.2 °C in January to 84.5 °F or 29.2 °C in July. The war created a boom for Montana mining, lumber, and farming interests, as demand for war materials and food increased. [108] The glaciers in Glacier National Park have receded and are predicted to melt away completely in a few decades. [citation needed], The Hutterites, an Anabaptist sect originally from Switzerland, settled here, and today Montana is second only to South Dakota in U.S. Hutterite population, with several colonies spread across the state. The legislature meets in the Montana State Capitol in Helena in odd-numbered years for 90 days, beginning the first weekday of the year. Additionally, the population in 2020 is expected to be 1.068144 Million + 0.0076288 Million = 1.0757728 Million. [244] Montana allows the smallest—"Class C"—high schools to utilize six-man football teams,[245] dramatized in the independent 2002 film The Slaughter Rule.[246]. Population Of Montana In 2018: Talking about population, in order to check out the population of Montana in 2018, we need to have a look at the population of the past 5 years. [62] The Clark Fork discharges the greatest volume of water of any river exiting the state. [180] The 2010 Census put Montana's population at 989,415. It is one of five states to have no sales tax.[301]. In all, 77 named ranges are part of the Rocky Mountains.The eastern half of Montana is characterized by western prairie terrain and badlands. [70] It flows north through Yellowstone National Park, enters Montana near Gardiner, and passes through the Paradise Valley to Livingston. state. This pattern shifted, beginning with the 1988 election, when Montana elected a Republican governor for the first time since 1964 and sent a Republican to the U.S. Senate for the first time since 1948. Total population in Montana ; Total Population: 989,415; Male Population: 496,667; Female Population: 492,748 More than 40 spent time in prison. [37] The isolated island ranges east of the Divide include the Bear Paw Mountains,[38] Bull Mountains,[39] Castle Mountains,[40] Crazy Mountains,[41] Highwood Mountains,[42] Judith Mountains,[42] Little Belt Mountains,[40] Little Rocky Mountains,[42] the Pryor Mountains,[41] Little Snowy Mountains, Big Snowy Mountains,[39] Sweet Grass Hills,[39] and—in the state's southeastern corner near Ekalaka—the Long Pines. Mountain ranges can accumulate 300 inches or 7.62 meters of snow during a winter. [147] The first homestead claim under the act in Montana was made by David Carpenter near Helena in 1868. The taxable value is then multiplied by the mill levy established by various taxing jurisdictions—city and county government, school districts, and others.[222]. [163], In June 1917, the U.S. Congress passed the Espionage Act of 1917, which was extended by the Sedition Act of 1918. Population, Census, April 1, 2010. [289] Montana voters amended the 1889 constitution 37 times between 1889 and 1972. In the reapportionment following the 1990 census, Montana lost one of its House seats. [22] The front is most pronounced in the Lewis Range, located primarily in Glacier National Park. The least populous of the compared places has a population of 2,119. For more Montana reading , check out: [23] Due to the configuration of mountain ranges in Glacier National Park, the Northern Divide (which begins in Alaska's Seward Peninsula)[24] crosses this region and turns east in Montana at Triple Divide Peak. The Montana Worker's Compensation Court was established by the Montana Workers' Compensation Act in 1975. [54], Montana has thousands of named rivers and creeks,[55] 450 miles (720 km) of which are known for "blue-ribbon" trout fishing. Libby is located along U.S. Route 2 at its junction with Montana Highway 37.. There is a single Workers' Compensation Court. [140] Surveys in 1874, 1875, and 1876 helped spark the Great Sioux War of 1876. A 1974 state severance tax on coal (which varied from 20 to 30%) was upheld by the Supreme Court of the United States in Commonwealth Edison Co. v. Montana, 453 U.S. 609 (1981). [17] About 60 percent of the state is prairie, part of the northern Great Plains. Populations of Montana Cities Ranked by Population Size (Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2010) Bozeman is a city and the county seat of Gallatin County, Montana, United States.Located in southwest Montana, the 2010 census put Bozeman's population at 37,280 and by 2019 the population had risen to 49,831, making it the fourth largest city in Montana. [7], The name Montana comes from the Spanish word montaña, which in turn comes from the Latin word montanea, meaning "mountain" or more broadly "mountainous country". More than a dozen additional military outposts were established in the state. [145] In the 1880s, Helena (the state capital) had more millionaires per capita than any other United States city. The Montana University System consists of: The Montana Territory was formed on April 26, 1864, when the U.S. passed the Organic Act. [186], Montana has a larger Native American population, both numerically and as a percentage, than most U.S. states. She referred to Butte throughout the rest of her career and remains a controversial figure there for her mixture of criticism and love for Butte and its people. [199] Other languages spoken in Montana (as of 2013) include Assiniboine (about 150 speakers in the Montana and Canada), Blackfoot (about 100 speakers), Cheyenne (about 1,700 speakers), Plains Cree (about 100 speakers), Crow (about 3,000 speakers), Dakota (about 18,800 speakers in Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota), German Hutterite (about 5,600 speakers), Gros Ventre (about 10 speakers), Kalispel-Pend d'Oreille (about 64 speakers), Kutenai (about six speakers), and Lakota (about 6,000 speakers in Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota). [147], The Desert Land Act of 1877 was passed to allow settlement of arid lands in the west and allotted 640 acres (2.6 km2) to settlers for a fee of $.25 per acre and a promise to irrigate the land. The geographic center of population of Montana is in sparsely populated Meagher County, in the town of White Sulphur Springs. Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce. Among those working part-time, it was 19.51%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 19.92%. 2. District Courts have the authority to enforce decisions of the Water Court, but only the Montana Supreme Court has the authority to review decisions of the Water Court. The capital moved to Virginia City in 1865 and to Helena in 1875. There You Have It. The honyocker was farmer, spinster, deep-sea diver; fiddler, physician, bartender, cook. [11] This time, Rep. Samuel Cox, also of Ohio, objected to the name. The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54. [101], Areas managed by the National Park Service include:[102], Montana is a large state with considerable variation in geography, topography and altitude, and the climate is, therefore, equally varied. There are junior ice hockey teams in Montana, four of which are affiliated with the North American 3 Hockey League: the Bozeman Icedogs, Great Falls Americans, Helena Bighorns, and Missoula Jr. Bruins. [109] Many Montana cities set heat records during July 2007, the hottest month ever recorded in Montana. Heron, in the west, receives the most precipitation, 34.70 inches (881 mm). There is a Youth Court in every judicial district, and decisions of the Youth Court are appealable directly to the Montana Supreme Court. They are not term limited. Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2019) 989,407. [89] Other major reservoirs include Hungry Horse on the Flathead River; Lake Koocanusa on the Kootenai River; Lake Elwell on the Marias River; Clark Canyon on the Beaverhead River; Yellowtail on the Bighorn River, Canyon Ferry, Hauser, Holter, Rainbow; and Black Eagle on the Missouri River. The Montana population surpassed 1 million for the first time in 2012, and it now stands at 1.03 million. The first school term started in early winter and lasted only until February 28. The property's value is multiplied by a tax rate, set by the Montana Legislature, to determine its taxable value. Most of the larger cities get 30 to 50 inches or 0.76 to 1.27 meters of snow each year. Montana is one of the most racially homogenous states. It is bordered by the Canadian provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, and Saskatchewan to the north; Idaho to the west; North Dakota and South Dakota to the east; and Wyoming to the south. [148] Some farmers came with the arrival of the Great Northern and Northern Pacific Railroads throughout the 1880s and 1890s, though in relatively small numbers. Clear 1 Table. The mountains can receive over 100 inches (2,500 mm), for example the Grinnell Glacier in Glacier National Park gets 105 inches (2,700 mm). [317], Montana schoolchildren played a significant role in selecting several state symbols. Massive debt was one. However, farmers faced a number of problems. According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Montana was: The first census in Montana was held in 1870, just after Montana was formally made a US State Territory (previously it had been a part of Oregon, Washington, Idaho and Dakota territories.) Brian Morris, who served as an associate justice of the Montana Supreme Court from 2005 to 2013, currently serves as a judge on the court. The U.S. Constitution provides each state with a single representative, with additional representatives apportioned based on population. In fact, the 1930 Census revealed a fall of just over 2% from the numbers declared ten years earlier. [273] In 2013, AARP The Magazine named the Billings Clinic one of the safest hospitals in the United States. Current law allows both hunters and trappers specified numbers ("limits") of wolves and mountain lions. [183], On January 3, 2012, the Census and Economic Information Center (CEIC) at the Montana Department of Commerce estimated Montana had hit the one million population mark sometime between November and December 2011. There state is 99.0% land and 1.0% water. [29] North of these ranges are the Big Belt Mountains, Bridger Mountains, Tobacco Roots, and several island ranges, including the Crazy Mountains and Little Belt Mountains.[30]. The Montana population surpassed 1 million for the first time in 2012, and it now stands at 1.03 million. The transcontinental GNR was completed on January 6, 1893, at Scenic, Washington.[141]. 95.90% of Montana residents speak only English, while 4.10% speak other languages. Land. Embed. [274], Montana is ranked as the least obese state in the U.S., at 19.6%, according to the 2014 Gallup Poll. Montana has only one representative in the U.S. House, having lost its second district in the 1990 census reapportionment. "A depiction of mountains, plains, forests, and the Great Falls of the Missouri River. FWP has operated under some form of elk plan since 1978. [105][verification needed] The variation in geography leads to great variation in temperature. Other rich placer deposits were found at Last Chance Gulch, where the city of Helena now stands, Confederate Gulch, Silver Bow, Emigrant Gulch, and Cooke City. All members are limited to serving no more than eight years in a single 16-year period. As of September 2020[update], the state's unemployment rate is 5.3%.[225]. This was relatively small compared to other areas of the country, as the population explosion of the 1800s was slow to reach Montana. The lesser coat of arms of France as used by the, United States House Committee on Territories, List of amphibians and reptiles of Montana, Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks, Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument, Early Indian treaty territories in Montana, List of military installations in Montana, List of U.S. states by date of admission to the Union, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Treasure State Academic Information & Library Services, Gallatin College Montana State University, City College at Montana State University Billings, Great Falls College Montana State University, Montana Tech of the University of Montana, Bobcat Stadium (Montana State University), Bozeman Yellowstone International Airport, Learn how and when to remove this template message, United States congressional delegations from Montana, city courts, justice courts, and municipal courts, American Tradition Partnership, Inc. v. Bullock, Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, United States District Court for the District of Montana, United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Montana, "United States Summary: 2010, Population and Housing Unit Counts, 2010 Census of Population and Housing", "Montana tourist numbers down, spending up, report says", Canadian Council for Geographic Education 2013, Geographical Dictionary Of The World 1900, Waterbody Report-Clarks Fork Yellowstone River 2013, "Montana's wolf population remains strong", Montana Office of Public Instruction 2010, "U.S. Navy submarine will be named U.S.S. Senator in 1978). [153] Homesteaders arriving in this period were known as "Honyockers", or "scissorbills". Montana is one of few geographic areas in the world whose rivers form parts of three major watersheds (i.e. [122] In the 1850s, settlers began moving into the Beaverhead and Big Hole valleys from the Oregon Trail and into the Clark's Fork valley.[123]. The state also has a small Métis population, and 1990 census data indicated that people from as many as 275 different tribes lived in Montana. [103] Snowfall has been recorded in all months of the year in the more mountainous areas of central and western Montana, though it is rare in July and August. [324][325] When broadcaster Norma Ashby discovered there was no state fish, she initiated a drive via her television show, Today in Montana, and an informal citizen's election to select a state fish resulted in a win for the blackspotted cutthroat trout[326] after hot competition from the Arctic grayling. It is the second largest House district by area, after Alaska's at-large congressional district. Permits for moose, mountain goats and bighorn sheep 2006, the 1972 constitution requires voters... Copper Kings, each year the population of 110,263 226 ] schools started forming in the.... Seven largest cities 103 ] winter cold spells are usually the result of cold Continental air South! 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Are made up of 52 cities, 75 towns, and Mrs. Farley was paid $ per. Service under the law ranks well for its two House members [ 26 ] there are judicial! Visited Montana in 2019, ( V2019 ) 8.0 %. [ 301 ] years.!