Per hectare average yield of Pakistan is 11.20 tones/hac which is on the low side as compared to the other major mango producing countries of the world e.g. How to supercharge the citrus industry of Pakistan? Punjab has the primary share in mango production; leading by 67% meanwhile Sindh and KPK contribute 24% and 1% to this production, respectively. Moreover, Pakistan is the fourth largest exporter of mango and exports about 84.9 thousand tons annually. IN THIS POST– Health Benefits of Mangoes– Types of Mangoes– Quality of Mangoes– Mango Production Areas– Export of Mangoes– Demand for Pakistani Mangoes. Appearance-wise, mangoes meant for export are clean and free from any harvest wounds, bruises, insect damage and fungal infections. Here is the full information on the Mango Tree and Gardening Guide with the best mango cultivation methods. Usually, grafted mango tree start to bear fruit from the fifth year onwards, while the mango tree grew with the help of seeds used to bear fruit at age of ten years. Mango Production Introduction and importance. Most of the countries cultivate varieties like Haden, Tommy Atkins, Kent and Keitt. Districts which are important regarding cultivation of mango in Pakistan are Bahawalpur, Dera Ismail Khan,Hyderabad, Multan, Khanewal Sahiwal, Muzaffar Garh, Sadiqabad, Rahim Yar Khan, Vehari and Thatta. Today, the annual estimated world over production of mango is over 25million tones. Mango is a tropical fruit. In Pakistan, total area under fruit cultivation is 853.4 thousand hectares with the production of 7178.8 thousand tones while area under mango cultivation is 167.5 thousand hectares with the production of 1,732 thousand tones being the second major fruit crop of Pakistan after citrus and is ranked fourth in the world for its production. In Pakistan the mango fruit is mainly grown in Sindh and southern Punjab provinces. In 1960 the total area under mango cultivation was 79 thousand acres. IMPORTANCE OF ROSES AND INFLUENCE FOLIAR SPRAY OF MACRO AND MICRONUTRIENTS ON ROSES, classification of crops on basis of Agronomy, Problems and solutions of cotton in Pakistan, Types of Maturity of Fruits and Vegetables. Low temperatures... Propagation:. Its mention has been made in Sanskrit literature as Amra. Despite the demand Mango is mainly used as fresh fruit but its use in salads and pickles is also being practiced. In Pakistan, total area under fruit cultivation is 853.4 thousand hectares with the production of 7178.8 thousand tones while area under mango cultivation is 167.5 thousand hectares with the production of 1,732 thousand tones being the second major fruit crop of Pakistan after citrus and is ranked fourth in the world for its production. Presently, with the help of various grafting method, it is available to get early production. These mangoes are available in domestic markets as well but are comparatively expensive given their high quality. The peak mango harvesting months are June and July. Rashad M. Balal, Dr. M. Mumtaz Khan, M. Adnan Shahid and M. Waqas. According to an estimate, Pakistan produces 8.5% of world’s mango and mainly exports to Middle East, Iran, Germany, Japan, China and Hong Kong making its valuable contribution as an important foreign currency earning fruit crop. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Mango stones for raising seedlings (root stock) should always be taken from healthy fruits. Pakistan mangoes are sweet, aromatic, yellow skinned and soft. Also, low pollination, less fruit setting (less than 0.1%), high fruit drop percentage, unnecessary stresses (injury) and improper management practices during budding or grafting, time of irrigation, pruning and time of application of fertilizers are contributing substantially to the downfall of the industry. In 2018, the figure rose slightly to 77,000 tons. It is grown in several places including India, Pakistan, Ecuador, Egypt, Nepal, and the US. 4. RS spends most of her free time browsing through Netflix, reading a comic book or planning her next travel adventure. Widely cultivated in Sindh and Punjab, the aromatic pulpy fruit is easily one of the most popular seasonal delicacies not just in Asia but also in the West. MANGO . Propagation is … Suitable temperature range is 15 to 40oC. Major exporters of the fruit are Mexico, Philippines and Pakistan. These are some of the most notable and economically important mango varieties in Pakistan that people all over the world desperately wait each summer for. While most important commercial cultivars of Pakistan are Dashehari, Anwar Ratul, Langra, Chaunsa, Sindhri, Maldha, Fajri. Nature has blessed Pakistan with agro-climatic conditions which permit quality production of mango. It is important to mention the yearly mango export from Pakistan is just a fraction of the total yield. The Government of Pakistan considers investing in horticulture as one of the potential source generating employment opportunities and growth of small producers (World Bank, 2015). Land under mango cultivation in Pakistan is 92.8 thousand hectares, and that in Philippines is 93.9 thousand hectares. High vitamin A and C contents, both being anti-oxidants help reduce risk of cancer as well as reduce the fast process of aging, making it a choicest … It is now in an increasing trend in area by 112% and in production by 116% in the year of 2000-01 compared to 1984-85 (BBS, 2002). Total cultivated area of mango production in Pakistan. In Pakistan, total area under fruit cultivation is 853.4 thousand hectares with the production of 7178.8 thousand tones while area under mango cultivation is 167.5 thousand hectares with the production of 1,732 thousand tones being the second major fruit crop of Pakistan after citrus and is ranked fourth in the world for its production. Adding to the ever increasing problems are the post-harvest losses contributing almost 40-50%. This is because high-quality fruits are grown with soft water and natural fertilizers instead of hard water and chemical fertilizers. • Traditional markets for Pakistani mangoes include UAE, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Kuwait and UK 4. Introduction and importance: Mango (Mangifera indica L Family Anacardiaceae) is the second major fruit crop in Pakistan. mango to the hills of Meghalaya, India from a 65 million year-old fossil of a mango leaf. … Fig. It is native to South Asia, but now it is cultivated widely in the tropics. Meanwhile, for more information on major exports from Pakistan, head over to Zameen Blog, the best lifestyle blog in Pakistan. Research , 2016), whereas, total area under cultivation was around 23.2 million hectares (Ministry of Finance, 2016). Mango (Mangifera indica L Family Anacardiaceae) is the second major fruit crop in Pakistan. Three sprays of Streptocycline (200ppm) at 10 days intervals reduce fruit infection. The area under mango crop has increased but the rise in production is comparatively slow. Mango is known as king of Fruits just like Date Palm is known as King of Oasis. Pakistan produces lot of varieties of mangoes. Climate and Soil. This year, the country is hoping to export around 100,000 tons of mangoes, which will contribute about USD 80 million to the economy. Pakistan produces over 150 varieties of mango. These problems arise mainly due to non-availability of nutrients from the soil, inefficient use of resources, unawareness about the ripening and quality maintenance practices. However, only about 400 varieties of mangoes are grown locally, out of which only 25 to 30 types of mangoes are grown on a commercial scale. Among 1595 varieties of mangoes known, only few (25 to 30) are being grown on commercial scale. Pakistan is regarded as fifth largest producer of mango in the whole world with the annual production of 1728 thousand tons from an area of 170.1 thousand hecteres (8). The length of mangoes in Pakistan varies between 2 and 10 inches and they usually weigh from 8 ounces to 24 ounces. Since the weather in Sindh gets warmer a little earlier than it does in Punjab, the province is known to grow the early varieties of mango. It also lowers the risk of certain types of cancer and strengthens bone health, according to some research studies. If climate supports a well, a good production of mango fruit can be obtained. Further nutritional benefits of mangoes include protection against macular degeneration and respiratory diseases. Description The export quality mangoes have relatively lesser fibre and minimal turpentine taste. Unlike the round, bright red mangoes available outside Asia, the ones that grow in Pakistan are bright yellow and shaped like a kidney. Districts which are important regarding cultivation of mango in Pakistan are Bahawalpur, Dera Ismail Khan, Hyderabad, Multan, Khanewal Sahiwal, Muzaffar Garh, Sadiqabad, Rahim Yar Khan, Vehari and Thatta. In Pakistan, the most agricultural province is Punjab where wheat and cotton are the most grown. India cultivates mangoes on 1300 thou­sand hectares, while mango cultivation in China, Mexico and Indonesia is on 214 thousand hectares, 162 thousand hectares and 150 thousand hectares, respectively. Mango Farming Project Report/Economics of Mango Orchard Introduction: Mango is a tropical flowering tree cultivated for its fruit. In mango cultivation, some types of mango start giving early production & some of the mangoes types used to late fruit bearing. Mango (Mangifera indica L Family Anacardiaceae) is the second major fruit crop in Pakistan. According to FAO production year book of 2001, Pakistan stands FIFTH among mango growing countries of the World. It also contains copper, folate, potassium, magnesium and manganese along with vitamins A, B5, B6, C, E and K. Mangoes are also high in antioxidants and packed with immunity-boosting nutrients. Unchecked use of unhealthy seeds forming diseased seedlings, Insect attack (mango mealy bug, fruit fly, mango weevil, scales, mites), alternate bearing, mango malformation (vegetative or reproductive) and diseases (powdery mildew, anthracnose, quick decline, sooty mold, fruit rot and stem blight) are the greatest threat to the industry in major mango producing countries, including Pakistan. Mango arrives in the market in early May and is generally available till the end of September. Fruits are packed in single layer 8 to 20 fruits per carton. We are using cookies to give you the best experience on our site. Ahsan Budh, an agriculture expert from Muzaffargarh said that in Pakistan, total area under cultivation for all fruits is 853 thousand hectares with the total production of 7.179 million metric tonnes while area under mango cultivation is 167 thousand hectares that produces around 2.30 metric tonnes being the second major fruit crop of Pakistan after citrus. Sindh comes in second with about 50 thousand hectares of land reserved for mango production while Baluchistan has about 1.4 thousand hectares. Eating mango is really beneficial for health as only one cup of the sliced fruit contains 1.4 grams of protein and 2.6 grams of dietary fibre. So, even if you aren’t a huge fan of this delicious food, try to incorporate it in your diet in the form of smoothies or dessert at the very least. Hyderabad and Mirpurkhas are the major mango growing tracts in Sindh (GOP, 2004). But mangoes are also cultivated in Balochistan Khyber-Pakhtun khwa provinces. The share of Punjab in the total production of mango was 67 percent and that of Sindh 32 % during 2003-04 (GOP, 2004). You can also subscribe to our newsletter on the right to receive the latest updates about the popular lifestyle, tourism, home decor, construction and real estate trends in the country. Although, Soil and climatic conditions in Pakistan support mango production in terms of yield and quality. All There is to Know About River Jhelum in Pakistan. However, when it comes to exporting mangoes from Pakistan, these countries top the list: So, which type of mango is your favourite? The earlier fossil records of mango (Mangifera indica) from the Northeast and elsewhere were 25 to 30 million years old. It is a delicious fruit being grown in more than 100 countries of the world. Is it a Good Idea to Use Personal Loans for Home Improvement? These are some of the most popular areas for mango farming in Pakistan. Moreover, they are mostly uniform in size and weight. Mango is a major fruit of Pakistan after citrus. Mango farms range in size from less than 2ha to more than 400ha. Known as the ‘King of Fruits,’ mangoes are one of the major agricultural exports of Pakistan with high demand all across the world. Mango orchards are mostly found in Sindh and Punjab provinces that make Pakistan the world's 4th largest producer of mangoes. Eating mangoes is also good for digestion, reduces the risk of hypertension and works wonders for skin and hair. If you want to start a mango field and turn it into a profitable one, you need to learn how to plant and maintain a mango tree. Mango rearing is a good long-term agricultural business in Pakistan. While commemorating his victory over Humayun at Chausa in Bihar, he gave his favorite mango the name chaunsa. The boxes should have a sufficient number of air holes (about 8% of the surface area) to allow good ventilation. Alphonso mango is one of the most expensive mango varieties. The total area under mango cultivation is 167.5 thousand hectares with the production of 1732 thousand tones of Pakistani mangoes, grown all over the districts of Punjab, Sindh and KPK. Pakistan is another one of the top mango producing countries with an average annual production of about 1,784,300 tons accounting for 4.6% of the world’s total mango production, although the production has significantly increased in 2016. MANGO Introduction and importance: Mango (Mangifera indica L Family Anacardiaceae) is the second major fruit crop in Pakistan.At present it is grown on an area of 93.42 thousand hectares with production 915.7 thousand tonnes Table-1. Mango is a valuable source of foreign exchange for many countries including Pakistan. (Alexander, 1989). She loves Doctor Who, abhors cats and has a weakness for ramen. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has relatively minor acreage with 0.3 thousand hectares of land, according to a … Mango Growing Areas of Pakistan: The major production of Mangoes is from Punjab especially from Multan, Bahawalpur, Muzaffargarh & Rahim Yar Khan. Pakistan is producing a limited quantity of strawberries which are either eaten or used in preparing ice-cream, jam, jelly, pickle, cake or milk shake. mango in Sindh is 45.68% of the total area of mango cultivation in the country. More than half of mango area (104.9 thousand hectares) lies in Punjab followed by Sindh (50.0 thousand hectares) with minor acreage in Baluchistan (1.4 thousand hectares) and NWFP (0.3 thousand hectares). When it comes to the cultivation of mangoes in Pakistan, mango trees cover approximately 105 thousand hectares of agricultural land in Punjab. Districts which are important regarding cultivation of mango in Pakistan are Bahawalpur, Dera Ismail Khan,Hyderabad, Multan, Khanewal Sahiwal, Muzaffar Garh, Sadiqabad, Rahim Yar Khan, Vehari and Thatta. Ameer Khurso saint and poet from Turkoman wrote a poem on mango as early as 1330 A.D. Akbar the great (1556-1605) planted one lac mango trees in his bagh, which was named as Lakh Bagh. Mangoes don’t just taste good, they are also extremely nutritious. Mexico exports 194.5 thousands tones being 30.20% of the total trade, followed by Brazil (16.08%), Pakistan (7.38%), India (6.45%) and Philippines (5.62%). In Sindh the mango growing areas are Mirpur Khas, Hyderabad and Thatta districts. Mirpur Khas and Multan are the main cities where are huge mango gardens. If you want to share any interesting facts about the ‘King of Fruits’ or have any queries, please contact us at blog@zameen.com. Mango is cultivated in February or in early March. 1. Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture 38040 Faisalabad. The demand for flavorful Pakistani mangoes is constantly on the rise across the world. It is very much unfortunate that mango industry of Pakistan is poorly developed. On average, mango production in Pakistan stands at around 1.75 million tons per year. The soil and climatic conditions of Pakistan are highly suitable for mango cultivation. Pakistan. Multan, Bahawalpur, Muzaffargarh, Khanewal, Sahiwal, Sadiqabad, Vehari, and Rahim Yar Khan. Mango has been grown in India since long and is considered to be king of fruits. However, the country is not able to acquire the desired results. The skin of a fully ripe fruit turns golden yellow with a … The area under mango crop has increased but the rise in production is comparatively slow. And let’s not forget, mango is the national fruit of Pakistan. 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