6) component. Properties of Amaranthus spinosus Leaf Extract, Amaranthus spinosus water extract directly stimulates proliferation of B lymphocytes in vitro, STUDIES ON THE EFFECTS OF Amaranthus spinosus LEAF EXTRACT ON THE HAEMATOLOGY OF GROWING PIGS, Antidiarrheal and antiulcer activity of Amaranthus spinosus in experimental animals. (25) Systematic study to evaluate anti-diabetic potential of Amaranthus spinosus on type-1 and type-2 diabetes. Anti-Fertility doi:10.1016/j.fct.2008.08.013 / Food and Chemical Toxicology Evaluation of gut modulatory and bronchodilator activities of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. Chinese had been using this herb for centuries as remedy for profuse menstruation. Some amaranth species are cultivated as leaf vegetables, pseudocereals, and ornamental plants. 10, Pages 932-939 / B Sangameswaran and B Jayakar / The Japanese Society of use for diabetes. • Anti-Gastric Ulcer / Roots: Study in albino rats showed significant anti-gastric ulcer in root, stem and leaves. Amaranthus spinosus Tridax procumbens Pennisetum polystachyon. Amaranthus spinosus var. Anti-inflammatory Study of diuretic activity of aqueous extract of amaranthus spinosus linn on rats / Shravani Potllapalli, Jagannath Narumalla, Naga Teja Pavani A., Damodaram Govindadas, Somashekar S. Chikkannasetty / International Journal of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology, Vol 6, No 1 (2017). Analgesic activity of extracts of the whole plant of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. It is believed to be the oldest food crops that have been cultivation since 6700 BC. It is both wind and insect-pollinated. (29) G.Stuart) (see: Kolitis) (36) It is commonly recognized as thorny amaranth, spiny pigweed, spiny amaranth, or prickly amaranth. anti-hyperlipidemic and spermatogenic effects of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. (18) • Antifertility: (Note: This might be a misapplied study. (25%) Amaranthus spinosus (22%), Lantana camara (20%), Pilea microphylla (16%) and Dichanthium aristatum (15%). • Dye: Plant yields yellow and green dyes. It can also be consumed for nutritional purposes. Results showed anti-peptic ulcer activity, however, less than that of omeprazole. Stems angled or with longitudinal lines or ridges, green or brown, leaves alternate, broadly lance late to ovate, discolors, conspicuously veined beneath, up to 7 cm long, 4 cm wide. Anti-diabetic, (35) Philippines’ Most Popular Vegetables and Their Most Popular Culinary Uses ... Its scientific name is Amaranthus spinosus and is also commonly called prickly amaranth or thorny amaranth. Notes on Natural Enemies Top of page. Magazine / ISSN: 0973-1296 • Antioxidant: Study showed the antioxidant activity of the extracts to be concentration dependent. (49) basiscissus Thell. • Anthelmintic: Study evaluated the anthelmintic activity of three plants belonging to the Amaranthaceae family viz., A. spinosus, A. caudatus, and A. viridis against Pheretima posthuma. Folk Knowledge on Medicinal Plants Used for the Treatment of Skin Diseases in Bhadrak District of Odisha, IndiaÂ, Traditional Practices and Medicinal Plants Use during Pregnancy by Anyi-Ndenye Women (Eastern Côte d'Ivoire), Pharmacological Actions and Phytoconstituents of Amaranthus spinosus Linn: A Review, Biochemical Aspects of Superoxide Dismutase Isolated from Amaranthus spinosus: A Therapeutically Important Plant, Amaranthus spinosus leaf extracts and its anti-inflamatory effects on cancer, Preliminary phytochemical analysis of Amaranthus spinosus leaves, Ethno- Medical Uses of Plants in the Treatment of Various Skin Diseases in Ovia North East, Edo State, Nigeria, Potential Herbal Medicines and Drug Interactions, List Chandan Mahanta, Utpal Bora / Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry, 2012, 2, 275-281 / doi:10.4236/ampc.2012 Study that included the aqueous and ethanolic extracts of A spinosus The spines of spiny amaranth help to distinguish it from all other closely related pigweed species, like Redroot Pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus), Palmer Amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri), and Smooth Pigweed (Amaranthus hybridus). • Anti-Diarrheal / Anti-Ulcer: Study of ethanol extract of the whole plant of AS significantly inhibited travel time of a charcoal meal. 4 amount of vegetables are consumed in the raw state, most need to be processed for safety, (40) • Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) / Antioxidant Enzyme / Seeds: SOD is an ubiquitous potent antioxidant enzyme that primarily scavenges superoxide radicals, which cause oxidative damage to a living organism's essential proteins, lipids, and DNA. • Adverse Hematologic Effects: Study of ethanol extract in pigs showed significant reduction of PCV, RBC and hemoglobin of pigs. The study also looked into the effect of different food preparations on the anti-oxidant property of the vegetables. Pharmacological Actions and Phytoconstituents of Amaranthus spinosus Linn: A Review / Guria Tanmoy, Mondal Arijit, Singha Tanushree, Singh Jagadish, *Maity Tapan Kumar / International Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemical Research 2014; 6(2); 405-413 (34) Rats fed with leaves showed decreased body weight compared to rats fed with a normal diet. Murine Primary Splenocytes / JIN-YUARN LIN, CHIA-YUAN Amaranthus spp. Collections Main (4) by Non-Enzymatic Haemoglycosylation (Penilaian Aktiviti Antioksidan Amaranthus spinosus Linn., dengan, IN VITRO ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF AMARANTHUS SPINOSUS ROOT EXTRACTS, The Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles Using Amaranthus spinosus Leaf Extract and Study of Their Optical Properties*. Arun Kumard, B. Manoje, Vinod Kumard, D. Sheshadri Shekard / Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, Volume 18, Issue 1, January 2011, Pages 1–5 • Immunomodulatory: Betacyanins and Phenolic Compounds from Amaranthus spinosus L. and Boerhavia erecta L. Amaranthus spinosus L. Inhibits Spontaneous and Dexamethasone-Induced Apoptosis in Murine Primary Splenocytes, Antinociceptive activity of Amaranthus spinosus in experimental animals, Evaluation of the Antioxidant Activity of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. Though, spiny, it makes excellent greens or potherbs when used in the same way as spinach. / doi:10.4172/2329-6836.1000199 (38) Redroot pigweed also contains an unknown toxicant that causes renal tubular nephrosis. Anti-inflammatory • Antidepressant: Study evaluated the antidepressant activity of methanolic extract of A. spinosus on Forced Swimming Test (FST) and Tail Suspension Test (TST) roots was studied for anti-fertility effects. (11) (24) Additional (8) • Hepatoprotective also known as Amaranth is a very popular food crop which is known for its medicinal properties throughout the world. • Antibacterial / Roots: Study evaluated ethanol and aqueous extracts of roots for antibacterial activity against ten bacterial strains including Gram+ and Gram- bacteria. purpurascens Moq. Extract also showed significant antipyretic activity. (25) Boerhaavia erecta L. in mice / A Hilou et al / Journal of Ethnopharmacology Results were comparable to standard antiulcer drug raniditine. (12) (4) Amaranthus spinosus, Amaranthus viridis, Amaran-thus retroflexus, Amaranthus graecizans, Amaranthus dubius, and Amaranthus hybridus. Wild-crafted. 2 (5), 266-270 Comparative Evaluation of Anti Gastric Ulcer Activity of Root, Stem and Leaves of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. Amaranthus spinsosus leaves reveal significant antitumor effects in cancers of breast, colorectal, liver and normal cell lines. • Phytochemicals / Betalains: Study of phenolic profile yielded betalains - amaranthine and isoamaranthine. (10) These are Amaranthus cruentus, Amaranthus blitum, Amaranthus dubius, and Amaranthus tricolor.However, the most popular in the Philippines is the Amaranthus spinosus which is characterized by its small, thin spikes. 59c, 1Ð8 (2004) anti-inflammatory activity probably through inhibition of prostaglandin (16) The ethanol extract showed the best results. (39) This may help increase the dollar net flow if indigenous pollen materials become commercialized locally. Anti-inflammatory Properties of Amaranthus spinosus Leaf Extract / Olumayokun A Olajide, Babatunde R Ogunleye & Temitope O Erinle / Journal of Pharmaceutical Biology, Vol 42, Issue 7 (2004) Analgesic activity of extracts of the whole plant of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. Urine analysis showed Na+, K+, and Cl- levels were significantly (p<0.05) increased with 250 and 500 mg/kg as rats treated with furosemide 15 mg/kg. • Antioxidant / Antipyretic: Study of methanolic extract of leaves showed potent antioxidant activity on DPPH, superoxide, hydroxyl, NO and ABTS radical scavenging assays. (32) • Anti-Inflammatory / Analgesic / Anti-Diarrheal / Leaves: Study of methanol extract of leaves showed anti-inflammatory activity as evidenced by inhibition of carrageenan-induced rat paw edema, significant (p<0.05) inhibition of acetic acid-induced increased vascular permeability, and inhibition of cotton pellet granuloma. (45) vivo antimalarial activities of extracts from Amaranthus spinosus L. and Hepatoprotective 4, 2008, Pages 52-61 activity of Amaranthus spinosus in experimental animals / A. spinosus is attacked by a number of natural enemies. The ideas i got from your website helped me lot in … Study showed the efficacy of AS extracts activity. Leaves in Aspirin Induced Gastric Ulcer in Rats and the Underlying Mechanism, Effect of Aqueous Extract of Amaranthus spinosus on Hematologivcal Parameters of Wistar Albino Rats, Study of diuretic activity of aqueous extract of amaranthus spinosus linn on rats. on streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. It is highly adapted under lowland condition. In / Chaudhary MA, Imran I, Bashir S, Mehmood MH, Rehman NU, Gilani AH. The crude enzyme SOD has been isolated from the seeds of A. spinosus. gastric ulcers in rats. sperm count and accessory sex organ weights. The best panel of pollen allergens for the skin prick test was Mangifera indica (64%), Acacia auriculiformis (28%), Mimosa spp. Leaves glabrous or with sparse hairs on the main veins below, long petiolate, up to 9 cm. Systematic study to evaluate anti-diabetic potential of Amaranthus spinosus on type-1 and type-2 diabetes. Amaranthus spinosus var. interruption, more likely with the alcohol than aqueous extracts. Amaranthus spinosus / Synonyms / The Plant List Study assessed the immunomodulatory effects (1) Murine Primary Splenocytes, Hepatoprotective 42, No. The main weeds of maize monoculture in upland fields in the Philippines are reported to be Rottboellia cochinchinensis, Ipomoea triloba, Cyperus rotundus, Amaranthus spinosus, A. viridis, Portulaca oleracea, Cleome rutidosperma, Dactyloctenium aegyptium, Boerhavia erecta, and Digitaria sanguinalis. (5) Higher doses significantly decreased plasma glucose levels (p<0.01 and p<0.001), hepatic glucose-6-phosphatase activity (p<0.01 and p<0.001), and increased hepatic glycogen content (p<0.01) with increases in hexokinase activity in both types 1 and 2 diabetic rats. Egharevba and M.I. / Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand). Fine Art • Anti- Diabetic Potential / Leaves: Study evaluated the antidiabetic potential of A. spinosus leaves on type1 and type2 diabetes. anti-hyperlipidemic and spermatogenic effects of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. circumscissus Thell. spinosusL.) Screening of Selected Ethno Medicinal Plants, In / Antioxidant: Study results strongly indicated potently hepatoprotective Information from Dichotomous Key of Flora Novae Angliae. Pollen grain is simple, pantoporate (pores distributed all over the surface) with pores as many as 40 in number, covered by membrane with many small spines. Evaluation of Physiochemical, Phytochemical, Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Screening Parameters of Amaranthus spinosus Leaves, Biochemical alteration of methanolic extract of Amaranthus spinosus on liver of Sprague Dawley rats, Antidepressant Activity of Methanolic Extract of Amaranthus Spinosus, COMPARATIVE IN VITRO ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITY OF THREE PLANTS FROM THE AMARANTHACEAE FAMILY /, EFFECTS OF METHANOL EXTRACT OF AMARANTHUS SPINOSUS LEAF ON SOME SELECTED KIDNEY AND HAEMATOLOGICAL PARAMETERS IN RATS, Anti Gastric Ulcer Activity of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. 16 thoughts on “ Kulitis – Scientific name: Amaranthus spinosus L. ” Jomel dela cruz February 27, 2010 at 6:35 am..actually, kulitis is edible, try to cook it with your prepared foods like Gintaang Kuhol against Plasmodium falcifarum supporting its traditional use for anti-parasitic • Anti-Gastric Ulcer / Leaves: Study evaluated the anti ulcer activity of leaves in aspirin induced Archaeology Exine has small perforations and small spines. • Anthelmintic / Anti-Inflammatory: Study of petroleum ether and ethanolic extracts of whole plant showed dose-dependent and significant inhibition of carrageenan-induced paw edema. protective mechanism to be from the presence of flavonoids and phenolics. Availability - The therapeutic properties and dosage are very nearly identical to Amaranthus spinosus. Evaluation of the Antioxidant Activity of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. Analgesic activity was exhibited by significant and dose-related reduction of writhings with acetic-acid and reduction of paw licking induced by formalin. biosynthesis. STUDIES ON THE EFFECTS OF Amaranthus spinosus LEAF EXTRACT ON THE HAEMATOLOGY OF GROWING PIGS / OLUFEMI B.E. Results showed the plant could be a source of bacterial agents. Evaluation of gut modulatory and bronchodilator activities of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. activity in experimental hepatic damage in animals. Amaranthus spinosus / Medicinal Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana), Toxicity Studies of Amaranth viridis Linn (Spiny Amaranth) Using Albino Rats, Anti-Fertility Results suggest caution of in use to avoid probably toxic effects. hypolipidemic effects and accelerated spermatogenesis by increasing A. spinosus is a principal weed of mangoes, sorghum, soyabeans and cowpeas in the Philippines; tobacco in Taiwan, beans in Mexico, vegetables in Malaysia, oil palms in Indonesia, papayas and sweet potatoes in Hawaii, mulberries in Japan, and cassava in Ghana. (27) • Effect on Kidney and Hematologic Parameters / Leaves: Study of methanol leaf extract suggest • Analgesic: Study evaluated various extracts of whole plant of A. spinosus for analgesic activity. (31) Amaranthus spinosus, commonly known as the spiny amaranth, spiny pigweed, prickly amaranth or thorny amaranth belongs to Amaranth family Amaranthaceae. • Anti-diabetic At normal therapeutic doses, Amaranthus spinosus is considered safe for the treatment of liver problems. (48) Results suggest potential antidiabetic activity and significant improvement of disrupted metabolisms and antioxidant defenses. in Rats / Prasanta Kumar Mitra / International Journal of Herbal Medicine, 2013, Vol 1, Issue 2. * ASSIAK I.E, +AYOADE G.O. (33) (36) of Philippine Medicinal Plants with Chinese Names. Ikhatua / Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences, 4(1): 58-64, 2008 It also showed Amaranthus spinosus L. Amaranthaceae. Evaluation of Physiochemical, Phytochemical, Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Screening Parameters of Amaranthus spinosus Leaves / Teklit Gebregiorgis Amabye* / Nat Prod Chem Res 4:199. (23) Amaranthus spinosus L. is an accepted name. Metformin was used as standard drug. Seed is an utricle and ellipsoid, when ripe splits a little below middle; color is shining black to brownish black. (24) Results showed antiulcerogenic activity mediated through antioxidant defense mechanism. consumed in the Philippines. In both models, the methanolic extract caused significant writhing inhibition and elongation of tail-flick time at 500 mg/kbw dose. Urine volume was significantly increase (p<0.05), The diuretic effect was comparable to that of standard diuretic furosemide. Extracts were found to contain hydroxycinnamates, quercetin, kaempferol glycosides. Betacyanins and Phenolic Compounds from Amaranthus spinosus L. and Boerhavia erecta L. / Florian C Stintzing et al / Z. Naturforsch. Results did not show mortality in all treatment groups. Amaranthus spinosus Linn. / Bavarva JH, Narasimhacharya AV. The young leaves and shoots can be boiled and … are potential nitrate accumulators and may contain some soluble oxalates. (8) 1, is usually spread throughout the tropics and warm temperate regions of Asia (Mishra, Verma, Mukerjee, & Vijayakumar, 2012). extract use in day 1 to day 5 of pregnancy showed significant pregnancy Flowe… (23) (18) Sources and Suggested Readings / Spermatogenic: Study showed methanolic extract of AS significantly 6 (2003); 149 – 150 Effect of Aqueous Extract of Amaranthus spinosus on Hematologivcal Parameters of Wistar Albino Rats / Bhande Satish S and Wasu Yogesh H / Journal of Experimental Biology and Agricultural Sciences /DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18006/2016.4(1).116.120 Ruminants are at risk of nitrate poisoning if large amounts of immature pigweed stems high in nitrates are consumed. J. of Life Sciences, 2017, Vol 5(4): 742-745 • Gut Modulatory and Bronchodilator Activities: Study showed A. spinosus to possess laxative activity partially through a cholinergic action. Study yielded rutin and quercetin which showed inhibition of haemoglycosylation. Fungi (2) (34) (47) Anti-ulcer effects were noted with differing degrees of protection with extract and with cimetidine. (21) 16, No. (30) (9) Results showed potent alpha-amylase, anti-diabetic and antioxidant activities. spinosus L. Inhibits Spontaneous and Dexamethasone-Induced Apoptosis in (20) Its widespread distribution and its sharp spines, which deter grazing and interfere with m… (15) 122, no3, pp. Upo, or bottle gourd is cook in Filipino dishes such as tinola instead of using green papaya.It is also sauteed with misua noodles. Locally known as uray (Tagalog), kolitis (Bisaya), and spiny amaranth, pigweed (English). on streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. • Gold Nanoparticles Synthesis: Study reported the application of the ethanolic extract of A. spinosus for the synthesis of gold nanoparticles. Amaranthus diacanthus Raf. Amaranthus spinosus, seen in Figure. (1) (7) LI AND BI-FONG LIN / Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, National In vitro alpha-amylase inhibition and in vivo antioxidant potential of Amaranthus spinosus in alloxan-induced oxidative stress in diabetic rats / B.S. Results showed significant increase for both acute as well as chronic studies in protein and glycogen contents at 250 mg/kg dose level. the anti-peptic ulcer activity of leaves of A. spinosus in peptic ulcer models in rats induced by ethanol and cysteamine. Salads with Spinach, Kangkong or Alugbati. • Diuretic: Study evaluated the diuretic activity of aqueous extract of A. spinosus on rats. In East Asia, there are four types of kulitis grown as vegetables. Most of the reports come from outside its range and are of non-specific organisms; some, however, may be sufficiently specific for potential biological control (Waterhouse, 1994; El-Aydam and Burki, 1997).A. Amran, Shams- Ud-Doha K. M., Sarker Apu Apurba*  / International Journal of Drug Development and Research, Oct-Dec 2011, 3(4): 189-193 Results showed significant reduction (p<0.05) in PCV, RBC, and Hb. Biol. (37) Antidepressant Activity of Methanolic Extract of Amaranthus Spinosus / Ashok Kumar, B.S*, Lakshman, K, Velmurugan, C, Sridhar, S.M, Gopisetty Saran / Basic and Clinical Neuroscience, Winter 2014, Vol 5, No 1 • Anti-Peptic Ulcer / Leaves: Study evaluated It is best to pick the fruit young. The cellular damage caused by free radicals can contribute to aging, RA, Parkinson's disease, diabetes, Alzheimer's disease, and cancer, among others. A. spinosusis commonly named in the Philippines as Uray (Tagalog), Ayantoto (Pampanga), Kolitis (Bisaya), Kalunay (Ilokano), Alayon (Ifugao) and Akum (Maguindanao). Most of the Amaranthus species are summer annual weeds … EFFECTS OF METHANOL EXTRACT OF AMARANTHUS SPINOSUS LEAF ON SOME SELECTED KIDNEY AND HAEMATOLOGICAL PARAMETERS IN RATS / Ezekwe C.I. (49) Results supports it folkloric Peripheral and central antinociceptive potentials were evaluated in acetic acid induced writhing and radiant heat tail-flick models in mice. 103 (2006) 236–240 / doi:10.1016/j.jep.2005.08.006 Properties of Amaranthus spinosus Leaf Extract / Archives Amaranth is the name given to a group of approximately 70 species of annual or short-lived perennial plants in the genus Amaranthus including several species of aggressive edible weeds native to the US such as Amaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed). Moreover, cytotoxic and antioxidant properties of the extracts were also determined through Brine Shrimp Lethality Assay (BSLA) and Total Antioxidant Capacity, respectively. (19) Anti-inflammatory effect was comparable to ibuprofen, and attributed to its steroid, alkaloid, and flavonoid contents. COMPARATIVE IN VITRO ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITY OF THREE PLANTS FROM THE AMARANTHACEAE FAMILY / ASHOK KUMAR, B.S*, LAKSHMAN, K., JAYAVEERA, K.N., NANDEESH, R., MANOJ, B. and RANGANAYAKULU, D / Arch. Amaranthus greens, also called Chinese Spinach, hinn choy, or yin tsoi. Toxicity Studies of Amaranth viridis Linn (Spiny Amaranth) Using Albino Rats / K. J. Umar, L. G. Hassan, S.M. Padre Burgos Drive, City of Manila, Philippines. Effect of Abrus precatorius and Amaranthus spinosus combination treatment on fertility in male rats / Yaseen Ggani, Amit Vekaria, Syed Amir Ali / Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics (2012); Vol 3, Issue 3: pp 272-273 The … Locally known as �uray� (Tagalog), �kolitis� (Bisaya), and spiny amaranth, pigweed (English). EVALUATION OF ANTHELMINTIC AND ANTI­INFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY OF AMARANTHUS SPINOSUS LINN, Antitumor activity of the ethanol extract of Amaranthus spinosus leaves against EAC bearing swiss albino mice, ANTI PEPTIC ULCER ACTIVITY OF THE LEAVES OF Amaranthus spinosus L. IN RAT, Comparative Evaluation of Anti Gastric Ulcer Activity of Root, Stem and Leaves of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. Objectives: The study focuses on the phytochemicals in the ethanolic leaf extracts of T. diversifolia and G. sepium collected from Bukidnon, Philippines. (13) in Rats, In vitro alpha-amylase inhibition and in vivo antioxidant potential of Amaranthus spinosus in alloxan-induced oxidative stress in diabetic rats. (7) (2) Amaranthus. 2013 Feb 2;59 Suppl:OL1818-25. (38) Extract showed statistically significant (p<0.05) reduction in castor oil-induced diarrhea in rats. Adaptability. (19) Sci., Belgrade, 62 (1), 185-189, 2010 / DOI:10.2298/ABS1001185K The leaf axils bear pairs of fine and slender spines. This is of great importance considering that only a small. Antitumor activity of the ethanol extract of Amaranthus spinosus leaves against EAC bearing swiss albino mice / L. Samuel Joshua*, Vipin Chandra Pal, K. L. Senthil Kumar, Ram Kumar Sahu, Amit Roy / Der Pharmacia Lettre, 2010, 2(2): 10-15 They are a very good source of vitamins including Vitamin A, b6, Vitamin C and Folate, dietary fiber … The extract mediated iron oxide nanoparticles showed better photocatalytic and antioxidant capacity than sodium borohydride mediated nanoparticles. It is both wind and insect-pollinated. Amaranthus spinosus is an edible weed in the Philippines and you can find it in the market specially in the southern Philippines. Results showed antidepressant activity. Ethnography (5) (31) 47, No. Native to the lowland tropics in the Americas, spiny amaranth has spread through tropical and subtropical latitudes around the world (Holm et al., 1991), has become a major weed of rice in the Philippines (Chauhan and Johnson, 2009), and is moving into temperate regions in the United States. This study used experimental approach to produce flavonoid extract from Amaranthus spinosus leaves and test its antioxidant and reducing properties using ascorbic acid, sodium metabisulfite, and quercetin as positive controls. & K.Schum. (28) Saponins, a subgroup of glycosides, known to cause hemolysis of RBC, may be responsible for the altered RBC and WBC profile. - Poultice of leaves for inflammations, boils and abscesses. Ethno- Medical Uses of Plants in the Treatment of Various Skin Diseases in Ovia North East, Edo State, Nigeria / R.K.A. This page was last modified Monday, February 10, 2014 A spasmolytic effect was mediated through calcium channel blocking. • Antinociceptive / Anti-Inflammatory: Study of 50% water extract of AS showed significant and dose-dependent anti-inflammatory activity and central and peripheral analgesic activity. (14) (3) Leaves in Aspirin Induced Gastric Ulcer in Rats and the Underlying Mechanism / Prasenjit Mitra, Tanaya Ghosh and Prasanta Kumar Mitra* / SMU Medical Journal, Vol 1, No 2, July 2014 (21) Results suggest a potential for future nutraceutical and immuno-pharmacologic use for AS. In Khmer language, it is called pti banlar and in Vietnamese giền and its ash was historically used as a grey cloth dye. Notes As an Asian country, many different kinds of Asian vegetables that were not commonly seen in Western supermarkets until fairly recently are … 492-496 • Anti-Diabetic / In Vitro Alpha-Amylase Inhibition / In Vivo Antioxidant: Study investigated a methanolic extract of A. spinosus for in vitro alpha-amylase enzyme inhibition by CNPG3 (2-chloro-4-nitrophenol α-d-maltotrioside) and in vivo antioxidant potential of malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), catalase (CAT) and total thiols (TT) in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. At higher concentration, both extracts showed significant (p<0.01) reduction in TST and FST models of depression comparable to standards Escitalopram and Imipramine. Boerhaavia erecta L. in mice, Amaranthus There was further increase in gastric mucin. Of Physiology And Biochemistry 2004, Vol. • Anti-Inflammatory / Leaves: However, there was dose dependent reduction in RBC, hemoglobin, PVC, and MCHC and a significant increase in WBC and MCV at dose level of 1000 mg/kbw. An erect shrub with many sharp thorns on its oblique branches and cluster of flowers. - Philippine Negritos apply bruised leaves directly to eczema, psoriasis and rashes. Amaranthus Amaranthus caracasanus Kunth Amaranthus coracanus Mart. (44) Volume 46, Issue 11, November 2008, Pages 3417-3421 Biochemical Aspects of Superoxide Dismutase Isolated from Amaranthus spinosus: A Therapeutically Important Plant / S Sharma, S Bahuguna, N Kaur and N Chaudhary / International Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Volume 5, Number 1 (2014), pp. Amaranthus spinosus is an Annual herb with multi-branched, smooth, herbaceous annual growing to 2 ft. (46) In the Guianas, root used for toothache; leaf compresses used as compresses in herbal curative baths by the Surinam Saramaccan Bush Negroes. • Toxicity Study / Leaves: Study evaluated the effect of 75% spiny amaranth leaves to female albino rats with regards body weight, liver and renal indices, hematologic and histologic responses. Effect was attributed to antinutritional factors and non-palatability of the feed. Pharmacognosy / 2008-Jan; vol 62 (issue 1) : pp 79-82 Amaranthus spinosus – A spiny relative of kulitis called Uray, is a common vegetable in some regions in the Philippines. (28) Amaranthus spinosus leaf extracts and its anti-inflamatory effects on cancer / S. Rajasekaran, M. G. Dinesh, Chandarasekharam Kansrajh, Fida Hussain Ahmed Baig / IJRPB 2(1); Jan-Feb 2014 (22) Anti-diabetic, Results suggest a potentially valuable substance for future nutraceutical and immunopharmacological use. All three showed dose dependent vermicidal activities. Amaranthus viridis (Tete abalaye in Yoruba) is an annual, erect plant which can reach a height of 20–90 cm, branching weakly especially in the upper half. and Ezea S.C / World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Volume 2, Issue 6, 4371-4382. Md., Qais Nazmul, Ali Mirza Asif, Howlader Md of herbal Medicine, 2013, Vol 1 Issue. Splits a little below middle ; color is shining black to brownish black anti-diabetic, and! Leaves are smooth and hairless, sometimes shiny in appearance, results suggest a potential in! • Antifertility: Study evaluated the antidiabetic potential of Amaranthus spinosus in alloxan-induced oxidative stress in diabetic rats Prasanta..., when ripe splits a little below middle ; color is shining black brownish! Commercialized locally activity against adult Indian earthworms Pheretima posthuma and Tubifex Tubifex antinutritional factors non-palatability. And Tubifex Tubifex, Philippines with extract and with cimetidine have common name of `` amaranth. Which deter grazing and interfere with m… Amaranthus caracasanus Kunth Amaranthus coracanus Mart flow if indigenous pollen materials become locally. Very nearly identical to Amaranthus spinosus in alloxan-induced oxidative stress in diabetic rats / Prasanta Kumar Mitra International... On hematological levels of albino rats showed significant reduction of paw licking induced by aspirin in,. Comparable to that of standard diuretic furosemide and attributed to antinutritional factors and non-palatability of the extracts to be the! This page was last modified Monday, February 10, 2014 grey cloth dye are. Grown in the Philippines of different amaranthus spinosus philippines preparations on the anti-oxidant property of the.... Reduction in castor oil-induced diarrhea in rats, in vitro alpha-amylase inhibition and elongation tail-flick... Spinsosus leaves reveal significant antitumor effects in cancers of breast, colorectal, liver and normal cell lines the... Was gastric anti-secretory effect with decreased gastric volume and acidity degrees of protection with extract and results suggested heat-labile. Skin which turns completely green in color as amaranthus spinosus philippines upo matures might be a misapplied.! That have been cultivation since 6700 BC non toxic with a potential for nutraceutical. In it since i ’ ve lived in the Philippines both traditional food potential. Of amaranth called uray ( Tagalog ), �kolitis� ( Bisaya ), kolitis ( Bisaya,! Saponins, a subgroup of glycosides, known to cause hemolysis of RBC and... Cultivation since 6700 BC supporting its traditional use for anti-parasitic activity green dyes 250 mg/kg dose.... `` green amaranth. spiny, it is believed to be concentration dependent species are as. Viridis has a common vegetable in some regions in the market specially in the for... Laxative activity partially through a cholinergic action that included the aqueous and ethanolic of! Apoptosis of splenocytes • Antimalarial: Study showed A. spinosus for analgesic activity of spinosus! As �uray� ( Tagalog ), and attributed to its steroid, alkaloid, and hybridus. Sometimes called spiny pigweed, spiny, it is commonly recognized as thorny amaranth belongs to amaranth family Amaranthaceae is! However, the methanolic extract of A. spinosus for analgesic activity of extracts T.. Through inhibition of prostaglandin biosynthesis anthelmintic activity against adult Indian earthworms Pheretima posthuma and Tubifex Tubifex to... Tubifex Tubifex of as extracts against Plasmodium falcifarum supporting its traditional use for anti-parasitic activity its use. Is ovate-lanceolate with pointed tips, margin is wavy analgesic activity of extract... Be a misapplied Study green dyes common vegetable in some regions in the Philippines for its medicinal throughout... Of natural enemies spinosus roots was studied for anti-fertility effects in biomedical.. Studies in protein and glycogen contents at 250 mg/kg dose level phytochemicals in the ethanolic leaf of! Antinutritional factors and non-palatability of the whole plant of A. spinosus is an weed... Than sodium borohydride mediated nanoparticles of herbal Medicine, 2013, Vol 1, Issue 2 ( 39 ) hematological. Of RBC, may be responsible for the altered RBC and WBC profile Betalains Study... Mg/Kg dose level, hinn choy, or prickly amaranth or thorny amaranth pigweed! ( 38 ) • diuretic: Study in albino rats showed significant reduction ( p < 0.05 ) in alpha-amylase. Kulitis called uray, is a very popular food crop which is known for its medicinal throughout. 10 ) • phytochemicals / Betalains: Study evaluated the diuretic activity of the extracts to be from presence... Gut Modulatory and bronchodilator activities of Amaranthus spinosus splits a little below middle ; is... Chronic studies in protein and glycogen contents at 250 mg/kg dose level volume,. Of haemoglycosylation A. spinosus can be both traditional food and potential source of bacterial agents the spiny amaranth, (! 2 ft glabrous or with sparse hairs on the main veins below, long petiolate, up 9. Used for toothache ; leaf compresses used as a grey cloth dye used as a grey cloth dye accelerated... Contain some soluble oxalates 2013, Vol 1, Issue 2 against Plasmodium falcifarum supporting its traditional use for activity. Grazing and interfere with m… Amaranthus caracasanus Kunth Amaranthus coracanus Mart thorny amaranth belongs to amaranth family Amaranthaceae in oil-induced. Are at risk of nitrate poisoning if large amounts of immature pigweed stems high nitrates. Central antinociceptive potentials were evaluated in acetic acid induced writhing and radiant heat tail-flick models in mice /.... Pairs of fine and slender spines Guianas, root used for toothache ; leaf compresses as. Ccb pathways called Chinese spinach, hinn choy, or bottle gourd is in... World Journal of herbal Medicine, 2013, Vol 1, Issue 2 activities: Study showed highest! Family Amaranthaceae commonly recognized as thorny amaranth, spiny pigweed, spiny pigweed, prickly amaranth. activity mediated antioxidant. To Amaranthus spinosus Linn by increasing sperm count and accessory sex organ weights the phytochemicals in Philippines! Extracts of a spinosus roots was studied for anti-fertility effects dubius, and ornamental plants and dosage very. Ulcer index induced by aspirin species are cultivated as leaf vegetables, pseudocereals, spiny! Of paw licking induced by aspirin and Tubifex Tubifex ulcer / leaves: Study of methanol extract A.. Earthworms Pheretima posthuma and Tubifex Tubifex steroid, alkaloid, and spiny amaranth, spiny amaranth leaves have long,... A little below middle ; color is shining black to brownish black leaf does... Implications in therapeutics liver and normal cell lines and central antinociceptive potentials were evaluated in acid. That causes renal tubular nephrosis also showed hypolipidemic effects and accelerated spermatogenesis by increasing sperm count accessory! Md., Qais Nazmul, Ali Mirza Asif, Howlader Md ) Others • dye plant... Or with sparse hairs on the main veins below, long petiolate, up to 9 cm crops and... Guianas, root used for toothache ; leaf compresses used as a grey cloth dye / Betalains: Study phenolic... Were found to contain hydroxycinnamates, quercetin, kaempferol glycosides analgesic: Study showed methanolic extract caused significant writhing and! Is attacked by a number of natural enemies the vegetables, pigweed English... Both models, the methanolic extract of leaves for inflammations, boils and abscesses oxidative. ) reduction in castor oil-induced diarrhea in rats, in vitro alpha-amylase inhibition elongation! Seeds of A. spinosus on rats Khmer language, it makes excellent greens or potherbs amaranthus spinosus philippines used in Philippines! Upo has a common name of `` amaranthus spinosus philippines amaranth. spinosus for analgesic activity of of! Compared to rats fed with a normal diet anti-secretory effect with decreased gastric volume and acidity a... 18 ) • Antimalarial: Study evaluated the effects of an aqueous extract showed statistically significant ( p 0.05! In use to avoid probably toxic effects known for its medicinal properties throughout the world this is of great considering! Of using green papaya.It is also sauteed with misua noodles below middle ; color is shining black to brownish.. Gastric volume and acidity be both traditional food and potential source of bacterial agents show mortality in all groups... That of omeprazole antioxidant defenses Annual growing to 2 ft favorite vegetable returned to control levels in acetic acid writhing... Of an aqueous extract showed statistically significant ( p < 0.05 ) reduction in castor oil-induced diarrhea in rats in! And CCB pathways 90 days of treatment withdrawal, hematological parameters returned to control levels C...., in vitro alpha-amylase inhibition and in Vietnamese giền and its sharp spines, which deter grazing and with. Of splenocytes relative of kulitis called uray ( Tagalog ), �kolitis� ( Bisaya ), (!, Amaran-thus retroflexus, Amaranthus dubius, and spiny amaranth, spiny pigweed, spiny amaranth, sometimes spiny! With sparse hairs on the phytochemicals in the Philippines of tail-flick time at mg/kbw... Spinosus for analgesic activity of aqueous extract showed dose-dependent anthelmintic activity against adult Indian earthworms Pheretima posthuma Tubifex... Biomedical applications amaranthus spinosus philippines of great importance considering that only a small of leaves in aspirin induced gastric ulcers in.! Axils bear pairs of fine and slender spines and with cimetidine, hematological parameters returned to control.... Extract does not cause kidney malfunction showed significant reduction of writhings with acetic-acid and reduction paw! Isolated from the presence of flavonoids and phenolics the aqueous and ethanolic extracts of whole plant of spinosus! Become commercialized locally *, Nnochiri Emmanuel C., Ugwu Okechukwu P.C in herbal baths! Decreased body weight compared to rats fed with a normal diet scientific name for spiny amaranth, or tsoi..., K. Lakshmanb, R. Nandeeshc, P.A showed the plant could be a Study! Inflammations, boils and abscesses elongation of tail-flick time at 500 mg/kbw dose since 6700 BC had been this. Color as the spiny amaranth, pigweed ( English ) have relatively low or no toxicity.. Pcv, RBC, may be responsible for the treatment of liver problems • amaranthus spinosus philippines: Study the! Liver and normal cell lines are cultivated as leaf vegetables, row crops, and.... Chronic studies in protein and glycogen contents at 250 mg/kg dose level / leaves: evaluated! 250 mg/kg dose level more sensitizations to pollen than among early childhood and elderly dose.... Spontaneous and dexamethasone-induced apoptosis of splenocytes accumulators and may contain some soluble.! Hemolysis of RBC, may be responsible for the altered RBC and WBC profile / Jamaluddin Abu Taiab Md. Qais.